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Agrociencia

versión On-line ISSN 2521-9766versión impresa ISSN 1405-3195

Resumen

FIERROS-MATEO, Reynol; SANTOS-POSADAS, Héctor M. De los; FIERROS-GONZALEZ, Manuel A.  y  CRUZ-COBOS, Francisco. Growth and timber yield of Pinus chiapensis. Agrociencia [online]. 2017, vol.51, n.2, pp.201-214. ISSN 2521-9766.

A Timber Growth and Yield System (TGYS) is a set of models that quantitatively describe the growth and yield of forest stands over time. The aim of this study is to build a TGYS as a support tool for decision-making in the management of Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen. Data were collected from 44 plots established in 2013 at Tlatlauquitepec, Puebla, Mexico, and measured again in 2014. The components of the system were generated by the algebraic difference approach. The fitting was done with the seemingly unrelated regression technique (SUR) as a system of simultaneous equations. For the dominant height, Hossfeld IV polymorphic model was the most appropriate. Models for the basal area, number of trees and volume explained between 80.9 % and 99.9 % of the total variation. The yield table indicates that in low productivity sites (site index of 10 m), the maximum current annual increment (CAI) in volume occurs at 14 years, with a potential volume of 25.18 m3 ha-1 and an average yield of 196.84 m3 ha-1. In sites of mean index (14 m), the maximum CAI in volume takes place at 11 years, which has a potential volume of 32.73 m3 ha-1 and an average yield of 199.21 m3 ha-1. In high productivity areas (18 m), maximum CAI takes place at 9 years, with a potential volume of 40.66 m3 ha-1 and yield of 200.97 m3 ha-1. The estimated volume rotation at these sites occurs at 17 years, with a yield of 472.39 m3 ha-1. On average sites, the absolute volume rotation occurs at 20 years with yields of 453.54 m3 ha-1. At low productivity sites, this rotation is close to 25 years with a yield of 441.64 m3 ha-1.

Palabras llave : Algebraic difference; Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andresen; dominant height; performance chart; prediction; projection.

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