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Agrociencia

versión On-line ISSN 2521-9766versión impresa ISSN 1405-3195

Resumen

REBOLLAR-REBOLLAR, Alfredo et al. Regional dynamics of pork production in Mexico, 1994-2012. Agrociencia [online]. 2015, vol.49, n.4, pp.455-473. ISSN 2521-9766.

Macroeconomic and sectorial policies adopted by Mexico in the last two decades caused changes in the structure of national and local pork production, which differed from region to region. The objective of this study was to assess pork production dynamics from 1994 to 2012 and quantify its growth or decline in eight regions of Mexico: Northwest (NW), North (NR), Northeast (NE), Central-West (CW), Central-East (CE), South (SU), East (E) and Yucatán Peninsula (PE). Annual growth rate, mean annual growth rate (MAGR) and techniques of regional analysis such as location quotient, coefficient of specialization and the differential-structural method were used. The results indicated that during the study period, the E, PE, and NW regions showed the greatest growth in pork production and the highest MAGR (5.07, 2.73 and 2.39 %). However, the E, NW, CE, NE and NR regions obtained the highest degree of economic dynamism because all its effects (total, differential and structural) were positive with hypothetical gains of 24.11, 17.80, 6.91, 4.89 and 3.60 thousand t. This implied greater specialization, greater inter-regional competitiveness and better production conditions. The CW region lagged behind during the entire period under study.

Palabras llave : Regional dynamics; differential-structural method; Mexican hog production.

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