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Convergencia

On-line version ISSN 2448-5799Print version ISSN 1405-1435

Abstract

VERA, Antonieta; AGUILERA, Isabel M.  and  FERNANDEZ, Rosario. Demands of authenticity: desire, ambivalence and racism in multicultural Chile. Convergencia [online]. 2018, vol.25, n.76, pp.13-36. ISSN 2448-5799.  https://doi.org/10.29101/crcs.v25i76.4500.

This article aims to characterize the production and the creation of value of ethnic/racial otherness in the context of neoliberal multiculturalism in Chile based on a theoretical work around the concepts of otherness, representation, ambivalence and authenticity. From this perspective and through qualitative methods, we will analyze three concrete examples framed in research projects: the ethno-enterprise, domestic labor and the allegoric-bodies of tradition. Our main analysis result is that the demands for authenticity perceived by subjects marked as Others in Chile display a demand to correctly act or perform a role, which in spite of being stereotyped, may or not be appropriated by the Others. Our proposal concludes stating the following thesis: the demands for authenticity constitute the crystallization of contemporary racism in Chile.

Keywords : multiculturalism; otherness; racism; ambivalence; authenticity.

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