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versión On-line ISSN 2448-5799versión impresa ISSN 1405-1435


ESPEJEL-ESPINOZA, Alberto. An explanation of the fraudulent elections of national leadership: The case of the Party of the Democratic Revolution (1999-2008). Convergencia [online]. 2014, vol.21, n.65, pp.119-145. ISSN 2448-5799.

The existing works on the Party of Democratic Revolution usually emphasize charismatic leadership or internal groups. Little has been said about why fraudulent elections occur inside the party. This work unpacked the unit of analysis in four observations (1999, 2002, 2005 and 2008) to perform two synchronous comparisons (1999-2005 and 2002-2008), achieving depth and explanation. If we consider the charismatic leadership or groups as independent variables, we would not be able to predict fraudulent elections, since the influence of the two is only to only shape the formulas in dispute. The paper concludes by arguing that the explanation lies in the similarity of forces and the reduced cost of violating the rules by the competitors; this will provide empirical evidence to show that in the presence of these conditions there can be fraudulent elections (1999 and 2008), whereas in their absence there can be fair elections (2002 and 2005).

Palabras llave : Selection of leaders; PRD; factions; charismatic leadership; fraudulent election.

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