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Revista mexicana de ciencias geológicas

versión On-line ISSN 2007-2902versión impresa ISSN 1026-8774


COLOMBO, Fernando et al. Barbosalite and lipscombite in Cerro Blanco, Córdoba (Argentina): description and genesis of secondary phosphates in pegmatites with triplite and apatite. Rev. mex. cienc. geol [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.1, pp.120-130. ISSN 2007-2902.

The dimorphs lipscombite and barbosalite, ideally Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2, occur in El Criollo pegmatite (64°39'9"W, 31°21'28''S), Cerro Blanco, Córdoba, Argentina. In one of the intermediate zones of this pegmatite there is a nodule oftriplite discontinuously rimmed by the lipscombite-barbosalite-bearing assemblage. The primary paragenesis consists of quartz with euhedral fluorapatite crystals, zircon, and interstitial sulfides (pyrite>>chalcopyrite). Apatite is corroded and sulfides have been replaced by a greenish black mass of anhedral grains of lipscombite and barbosalite, with myriads of inclusions of fluorite, hematite, and scarce phosphosiderite. Cell parameters, obtained by Rietve ld refinement, are (in Å): barbosalite (space group P21/n): a=7.326(2), b=7.446(2), c=7.401(2), β=118.79(2)°; lipscombite (space group P43212): a=b=7.388(2), c=1 2.924(6). Chemical analyses of barbosalite and lipscombite (electron microprobe, n=4) gave (wt. %) P2O5: 35.72, SiO2: 0.07, FeO: 17.98, Fe2O3: 39.96, MnO: 0.40, Al2O3: 0.22, Na2O: 0.18, CaO: 0.12, MgO: 0.01, F: 0.27, H2O (calculated as 2-F): 4.45, Cl not detected, total corrected for F=0 (99.27). The amounts of FeO and Fe2O3 were calculated to give a Fe2+:Fe3+ ratio of 1:2 in the structural formula. In general, secondary phosphates in these pegmatites indicate an oxidizing and acidic environment and a strong control of the primary mineralogy, stressing the importance of the environment at a very local scale in determining the secondary species assemblage. Crystallizing minerals are very influenced by kynetic aspects of the dissolution and precipitation reactions, and not only by the thermodynamically stable structural configurations. Secondary phases containing H20 indicate that alteration continued to temperatures below 250°C.

Palabras llave : iron phosphates; pegmatite; chemical composition; hydrothermal alteration; Cerro Blanco; Argentina.

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