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Revista mexicana de anestesiología

versión impresa ISSN 0484-7903


RASCON-MARTINEZ, Dulce María  y  ROJAS-VERA, Andrés Felipe. Preventive analgesia in postoperative pain. Rev. mex. anestesiol. [online]. 2019, vol.42, n.3, pp.221-223.  Epub 13-Sep-2021. ISSN 0484-7903.

The term of preventive analgesia is not a new concept, since it was first described in 1988. This concept (that we could call «antinociceptive treatment») argues that pain relief before surgery may improve the management of postoperative acute pain, by planning a pre-trans-operative analgesia and aims to prevent the sensitization of the central nervous system, therefore the development of pathological pain after a tissue injury. By its own definition, it is based on the prevention of an altered process from some sensorial afferent pathways and the impact it has on the control of postoperative acute pain, the transition from acute pain to chronic pain and the amplification of acute nociceptive stimulation. This chapter presents a summary of the interventions of preventive analgesia with the highest level of evidence in literature to ameliorate postoperative acute pain.

Palabras llave : Preventive analgesia; postoperative pain.

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