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Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.)

Print version ISSN 0188-4557


VILLARREAL PERALTA, Edna María. Evolución histórica de los rendimientos educativos en México: 1987-2004. Estud. soc [online]. 2008, vol.16, n.32, pp.59-78. ISSN 0188-4557.

This paper examines the impact of educational level on income wages in Mexico, for the period 1987-2004. For this reason, we assess the historical evolution of educational returns using data from the National Survey of Urban Employment (ENEU). Also, we estimate three alternative models: first, taking years of study as a major explanatory variable; secondly, incorporating variable dummies for kinship and marital status; and, thirdly, considering educational levels. The results obtained show that the highest marginal returns correspond to individuals with higher educational levels. On the other hand, when getting the yields by gender, it seems that those of women surpass men's. Finally, a sharp decline in returns during periods of economic crisis, can be observed.

Keywords : returns; education; wages; human capital.

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