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Economía: teoría y práctica

versão On-line ISSN 2448-7481versão impressa ISSN 0188-3380

Resumo

RODRIGUEZ QUINTO, Anel  e  FONCERRADA PASCAL, Luis Antonio. The Mexican Tax on Alcoholic Beverages: Reasons to Change It. Econ: teor. práct [online]. 2022, n.57, pp.193-213.  Epub 05-Set-2022. ISSN 2448-7481.  https://doi.org/10.24275/etypuam/ne/572022/rodriguez.

Excessive 1consumption of alcoholic beverages causes addiction, damages people’s health and has disrupting social and family consequences. Given that, many countries impose other taxes on these products in addition to sales tax. The ways these taxes are applied varies, though they are based on two basic principles: Ad-Valorem2 or Ad-Quantum.3 In the case of Mexico, the Special Tax on Production and Services (IEPS, Spanish initials) for alcoholic beverages is based on an Ad-Valorem system with different quotas according to alcoholic content, thus combining the two principles. However, with this system, lower quality beverages with high degrees of alcohol are among the cheapest on the market, curtailing the objective of the tax. We have tested the change to the Ad-Quantum system, to measure government revenues and regressive effects. Our findings indicate that tax collection would increase with no regressive effects.

Palavras-chave : Tax; alcoholic beverages; Ad-Quantum system; health risks; tax collection; H21; H23; H31; I12; I14; I39.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Inglês