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Revista mexicana de sociología

versión On-line ISSN 2594-0651versión impresa ISSN 0188-2503


LEHOUCQ, Fabrice. What is Electoral Fraud? Its Nature, Causes and Consequences. Rev. Mex. Sociol [online]. 2007, vol.69, n.1, pp.1-38. ISSN 2594-0651.

This article reviews research on electoral fraud, clandestine and illegal efforts to shape election results. Its conclusions are threefold. First, fraud takes on a panoply of forms. It ranges from procedural violations of electoral law (that may or may not intend to distort results) to the outright use of violence against voters. Second, even when ballot rigging is an integral part of electoral competition, it is infrequently decisive. Fraud, nevertheless, undermines political stability because, in close races, it can be crucial. Third, political competition shapes the rhythm and nature of electoral fraud. Efforts to steal elections increases with inequality, but competitiveness -which institutions help to shape- determines the ballot rigging strategies parties adopt.

Palabras llave : electoral fraud; ballot rigging; vote buying; electoral laws.

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