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On-line version ISSN 2395-9134Print version ISSN 0187-6961


GRANDA, Lucía  and  SORIANO MIRAS, Rosa Maria. “If I lose this, I have nothing”: ‘carrier’ women during the Spanish-Moroccan border closure. Estud. front [online]. 2023, vol.24, e115.  Epub June 02, 2023. ISSN 2395-9134.

The closure of the Spanish Southern border between Morocco and the Spanish city of Melilla induced by Covid-19 disrupt the work and life course of thousands of women crossing merchandise on the border. This research analyzes the survival strategies of these women after the border closure and the transformations of this unequal region. Using a Grounded Theory approach, participant observation and interviews to carrier women and informants were conducted in Melilla in 2021. Migration, family support and other precarious feminized jobs were found to be the most common survival alternatives. The conclusions point out that the border closure and the changes affecting the region of Nador may be the end of this income source for these women. This analysis contributes with new data on the global feminization of survival, although further research on these strategies is needed due to the constant changes in this border.

Keywords : carrier women; Spanish Southern border; feminization of survival; cross-border work; Melilla.

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