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Estudios fronterizos

versión On-line ISSN 2395-9134versión impresa ISSN 0187-6961


CAMBEROS C., Mario  y  HUESCA R., Luis. Cambios Económicos, Competitividad y Bienestar de la Población en la Región Noroeste de México en la Globalización. Estud. front [online]. 2002, vol.3, n.6, pp.9-32. ISSN 2395-9134.

The widely straightforward opening of the Mexican economy to the international market, has provided a group of transformations and has generated more economic expectations; however, from a distance of 15 years that the procces has been brought into life, it is important to verify not only the benefits in terms of the trade increasing, but also the changes in the population's well-being. Therefore, we have selected a region: the Northwestern of Mexico (NWR), defined as the geographic space which resembles the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Sinaloa, and Sonora, with 21% of the national territory, 8.7% Mexico's total population, and 9.09% of the gross domestic product (GDP). In this paper, we observed changes upon 1988, firstly on the economic structure: GDP, employment, and external sector. Secondly, we found that, for the last decade, the well-being level worsened-off. In this way, the open trading policy from Mexico to the world has not produced, until now, the required expected benefits to the households and the Northwestern region of Mexico, inserted in an active way in the internationalized world, not only with North America, but also with the Pacific Basin region.

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