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Perinatología y reproducción humana

versión On-line ISSN 2524-1710versión impresa ISSN 0187-5337


ALVAREZ-DIAZ, Jorge Alberto. Social and legal issues related to in vitro fertilization. Perinatol. Reprod. Hum. [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.2, pp.79-90. ISSN 2524-1710.

The work deals with social and legal aspects of IVF, understood as a general framework to apply the techniques of assisted human reproduction in general. Regarding the social aspects, two fundamental issues are reviewed, kinship and family. Regarding the legal issues, since there is practically no legal regulation, some remarks on a general framework for the current context are made. On the issue of kinship, classical studies are taken up, ethnographies made on infertility and on new technologies in human reproduction. Kinship is linked with the family, where the changes that have emerged in the modern world following the shift in notions about what is kinship are discussed. A general conclusion is that everything is a product of human construction so that the former criteria to build concepts such as kinship or family have changed substantially since the advent of assisted reproductive techniques. This being so, we must find the best way to regulate the application of these techniques, and maybe the best would be a legal framework oriented by principles.

Palabras llave : Kinship; descent theory; alliance theory; family; fatherhood; motherhood.

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