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Perinatología y reproducción humana

On-line version ISSN 2524-1710Print version ISSN 0187-5337


SALDANA-RIVERA, Andrea. Nursing archetypes in Mexico. Perinatol. Reprod. Hum. [online]. 2012, vol.26, n.1, pp.51-56. ISSN 2524-1710.

Introduction: The denomination of archetypes is upheld by Jung's studies. The evolution of the nursing tasks is summarized, and the models are mentioned. Development: Florence Nightingale, the archetype for over 15 million professionals around the world, highlighting her management for the improvement of Hospitals, Nursing, and defending women's rights. Mother Theresa, archetype for service and love for the poor, facing accusations for the handling of donations, controversy for being against women's rights, for polemic statements, and for insufficient medical quality in her Hospice; the Order that she founded has 5,000 nuns in several countries. In Mexico, Juana Ines de Asbaje y Ramirez de Santillana, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, is recognized as a nurse, religious woman, and writer. Her works display an educator, defender of women and their rights. Other two religious women that are mentioned are Sor Micaela Ayans and Sor Maria Guadalupe Cerisola Salcido, because of their hospital work. The reason for the decrease in religious nurses is analyzed. Names of nurses during the Revolution are recovered, among which we can find Refugio Estevez Reyes, ''Mamá Cuca'', and Adela Velarde, ''The Adelita''. Conclusions: The recognition for this profession is acknowledged. It is encouraged to write the biography of nurses, accompanied by pictures, recognizing that there is enough material in the face of the high number of committed professionals, which will allow setting common elements, which have made of nursing what we, Mexican nurses, are and what we are not.

Keywords : History; development; Nursing in Mexico.

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