SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.37 issue1Mexicans in Spain: Demographic and symbolic dimension of a qualified migration author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Estudios demográficos y urbanos

On-line version ISSN 2448-6515Print version ISSN 0186-7210


ROCHA ROMERO, David; MEDINA SANCHEZ, Ramón  and  ORRACA ROMANO, Pedro Paulo. Wages and occupational risks of Mexican immigrants in the United States. Estud. demogr. urbanos [online]. 2022, vol.37, n.1, pp.9-44.  Epub May 02, 2022. ISSN 2448-6515.

The reality of Mexican immigrants in the United States shows that, in recent years, there has been a notable prevalence of accidents and illnesses that are closely linked to their labor activity. Their immigration status, low human capital levels and poor knowledge of the English language, are some of the elements that lead workers to insert themselves into activities that put their health and physical integrity at risk. Using data from the Survey of Migration in the Northern Border of Mexico, a descriptive analysis is carried out and quantile regressions are estimated to analyze the relationship between the wages of Mexican immigrants in the United States and the accidents or illnesses that they incur as a result of their job. It is observed that Mexicans employed in the United States legally receive higher wages and suffer less work-related accidents relative to their undocumented counterparts. Moreover, the results suggest that among undocumented workers there is a wage premium associated with working in dangerous occupations, particularly in the upperpart of the wage distribution.

Keywords : labor accidents; wages; undocumented migration; quantile regression; Mexico; United States.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )