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Acta pediátrica de México

versión On-line ISSN 2395-8235versión impresa ISSN 0186-2391


ARREDONDO-GARCIA, JL; MENDEZ-HERRERA, A  y  MEDINA-CORTINA, H. Arbovirus in Latin America. Acta pediatr. Méx [online]. 2016, vol.37, n.2, pp.111-131. ISSN 2395-8235.

Diseases produced by arboviruses are a major worldwide problem due to the fact that the surveillance and prevention of them implies the surveillance of vectors, which makes it very difficult to control them, and almost impossible to avoid their expansion to any tropical or subtropical country, and even some temperate regions. Globally, dengue is the most common arboviral disease, with 40% of the world population living in areas with dengue virus transmission. Of the estimated 390 million infections and 100 million cases annually, a small proportion of these cases progress to severe dengue. Approximately one in 2,000 dengue cases result in death. However, the case-fatality rate of patients with severe dengue can be reduced from almost 10% to less than 0.1% by the timing and quality of clinical care that patients receive. This, coupled with the recent and quick spread of Chikungunya virus and the outbreak of Zika virus in Latin American countries including Mexico, makes it necessary the medical update and review of bibliography concerning the prevention, control and management of arboviral-caused diseases. Therefore we present a review of the most recent literature on arboviral diseases in Latin America.

Palabras llave : Dengue; zika; chikungunya; arbovirus; Aedes.

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