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Relaciones. Estudios de historia y sociedad

On-line version ISSN 2448-7554Print version ISSN 0185-3929


RIVASPLATA VARILLAS, Paula Ermila. Economic activities that affected public safety and health in the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the attempted solution in the mid-18th century. Relac. Estud. hist. soc. [online]. 2023, vol.44, n.176, pp.65-84.  Epub Jan 19, 2024. ISSN 2448-7554.

Polluting productive activities such as tanneries, butcher shops, and slaughterhouses used to be close to watercourses, irrigation ditches, and even the Rímac River and the Plaza Mayor of the city of Lima, negatively impacting the image of the capital, the seat of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and the health of the neighbors. In the second half of the 18th century, the enlightened authorities ordered the relocation of economic activities that generated garbage and polluted the water in the peripheries. However, the owner's resistance slowed down the application of the law and caused the city downtown to continue being a latent focus of pest spread.

Keywords : Productive activities; Colonial Lima; Health; Tanneries; Butcher shops.

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