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Salud mental

versión impresa ISSN 0185-3325


MARTINEZ MARTINEZ, Kalina Isela; BARCENAS MELENDEZ, Adriana  y  PACHECO TREJO, Ayme Yolanda. In voice of the experience: coping strategies in adolescents who completed a brief intervention program in alcohol consumption. Salud Ment [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.6, pp.505-512. ISSN 0185-3325.

The purpose of this study was to identify the circumstances of the risk of alcohol consumption and the strategies to successfully handle a relapse or the abuse in a group of adolescents who completed a brief intervention program. The study was conducted at the Autonomous University of Aguascalientes between 2007 and 2011 involving 70 adolescent students. The average age of participants was 16.2 years (31 men and 39 women). Participants responded to a record of confrontation during the follow-up sessions, where they described two specific situations of risk and referred which strategies they put in place not to consume or avoid the abuse. The collection and analysis of data followed a mixed approach of research, which enabled the analysis and linking of quantitative and qualitative data in one study to answer the problem statement. We performed the transcription of the text of each record, assigning a code to each type of event consumption potential through MAXQDA software [Version 5.0]. The analysis results indicated that there are three strategies used by adolescents to resist consumption: a cognitive level, where they remember the goals proposed in the intervention and the negative consequences; a behavioral level, depending on reactions to the situation presented; and a level of emotion, reflecting a sense of mood. The findings are discussed in the light of analyzing the relevance of such studies, that rescue the "live voice" experience of the participants and place the problem of consumption in a context, which includes the understanding and meaning of the users themselves, the role of consumption in their midst, and the different social and scenarios involved.

Palabras llave : Adolescents; abusive consumption; coping strategies; voice of experience.

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