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Estudios de cultura maya

versión impresa ISSN 0185-2574


GONZALEZ OROPEZA, Manuel. La colonización tardía: Migraciones mayas en América del Norte. Estud. cult. maya [online]. 2006, vol.27, pp.181-201. ISSN 0185-2574.

The border states of Mexico and the United States present a set of diverse problems that can not be solved by their respective national legal systems, but by international cooperation through international treaties. The problem is that the United States usually prefers to apply its own legal system even in an extraterritorial fashion than to compromise thorough agreements with other countries. On the side of Mexico, is more flexible to reach agreements, but its enforcement is precarious. The migration between the two countries is a historical and traditional movement since around one hundred thousand Mexican nationals remained in the occupied territory by the United States since 1848. This conquest was provoked by the American immigration to the Mexican Coahuila and Texas states and their wish to establish slavery into the abolitionist field of Mexico. The intense immigration from Mexico and Central America, that is a current pattern in the USA, obeys to these factors that are deeply rooted in history and it is not a new wave or trend exogenous to North America. Mayan people had been reluctant to go beyond the borders of their own communities, but now the immigrations flow has included them in the trend 1 characterize as the Late Colonization.

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