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Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales

versión impresa ISSN 0185-1918


ORTEGA, Félix. La fragmentación de la legitimidad política. Rev. mex. cienc. polít. soc [online]. 2005, vol.47, n.194, pp.13-32. ISSN 0185-1918.

One of the central problems of contemporary politics lies in the difficulty of its legitimacy. The legitimacy of politics had been carried out according to the rules and rationality within the political arena. Politics today, however, faces a situation in which there is a large variety of spheres and logic that compete against it in order to arrive at a definition of the public. Without a doubt, one of these spheres and per-haps the most significant, is generated by the media. The media is inseparable from the political system, in so far as the rules of the first prevail on the latter. Starting from these premises, the article deals with four large aspects that express the fragmentary, if not entropic, character of contemporary politics. The first of these deals with the deinstitutionalization of politics, which stems either from the draining or the ownership of it by various lobbying groups. The second of this highlights the non political forces of legitimacy, focused on the use of "public opinion" by the mass media. The third explains the instability and inconsistency of political formulas, subjugated to the same ephemeral process as news production. As a result and in fourth place, one can talk about the emergence of a new political model, one which the author classifies as "news democracy".

Palabras llave : legitimidad; espacio público; comunicación política; opinión pública.

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