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Investigación económica

versión impresa ISSN 0185-1667


NASSIF PIRES, Luiza; CARVALHO, Laura Barbosa de  y  LEDERMAN RAWET, Eduardo. Multi-dimensional inequality and Covid-19 in Brazil. Inv. Econ [online]. 2021, vol.80, n.315, pp.33-58.  Epub 06-Ago-2021. ISSN 0185-1667.

The paper presents empirical evidence from Brazil on the bidirectional relationship between inequality and the Covid-19 crisis: Racial, regional and income inequalities have both aggravated the pandemic and been exacerbated by it. The paper provides a measure of social risk factors to Covid-19, which is positively associated with the number of Covid-19 cases across Brazilian states. This is complemented by a discussion of the country's inequalities in access to healthcare and in the incidence of comorbidities, which elucidates observed disparities in the need of a ventilator and in the number of deaths by Covid-19. Finally, our empirical analysis suggests that the substantive fiscal effort in the country and particularly the implementation of the cash relief program Auxílio Emergencial neutralized the short-term increase in wage disparities but has been insufficient to neutralize the cost of multi-dimensional structural inequalities on Brazil’s death tolls.

Palabras llave : Inequality; Covid-19 in Brazil; social vulnerability; health disparities; intersectionality.

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