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Investigación económica

versión impresa ISSN 0185-1667


LOPEZ-FELDMAN, Alejandro; TAYLOR, J. Edward  y  YUNEZ-NAUDE, Antonio. Natural resource dependence in rural Mexico. Inv. Econ [online]. 2011, vol.70, n.278, pp.23-44. ISSN 0185-1667.

The relationship between poverty and natural resources is complex and the empirical evidence to date, mostly from estudies of forest activities and poverty, is inconclusive. The main purpose of this paper is to identify empirically the effects of household characteristics and of inequality at the village level on natural resource extraction and dependece. We use data from the Mexico National Rural Household Survey (ENHRUM). Our results show that in rural Mexico natural resource extraction is predominantly an activity carried out by poor households. The same is true for dependence. There are important differences across Mexico in terms of both participation and dependence on resource income. These differences are most evident when one compares the south and north of the country. When relatively rich households participate in resource extraction their natural resource income is considerably higher than that of the poor.

Palabras llave : dependence; inequality; Mexico; natural resources; poverty.

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