SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.62 issue1The unviability of international criminal law in a zero-strength world. International justice for the crimes of Islamic State?The vice presidency in America as a challenge to representative democracy: The cases of the US, Brazil and Argentina author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Foro internacional

Print version ISSN 0185-013X


NEVES, Bárbara Carvalho  and  MARIANO, Karina Lilia Pasquariello. South-American regionalism and the turn towards disintegration: Some reflections. Foro int [online]. 2022, vol.62, n.1, pp.137-177.  Epub Mar 28, 2022. ISSN 0185-013X.

The beginning of the second decade of the 21st century brought with it setbacks to the drive for Latin American regional unity, marked by the dismantling of Unasur, the paralysis of ALBA and problems with Celac and Mercosur. Many studies on the topic point to greater tensions in these regional mechanisms as a result of various circumstantial factors such as the death of the Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, the increasing polarization of politics in Brazil and Argentina (especially since the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff), the “Right Turn” taken by the region, and the expanding presence of extra-regional actors such as China and the United States. With a process-based and institutional analysis, this article discusses how South American regional institutions reacted to the current periods of crisis. It argues that the dismantling of Unasur is not simply a result of the systemic changes undergone in this period, but a reflection of the Latin American institutional direction of travel and its critical antecedents. It concludes that the historical context might be the opportunity that gave rise to this process of disintegration, but not its cause.

Keywords : economic integration; intergovernmental organization; South America; regionalism.

        · abstract in Spanish | French     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )