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MALACALZA, Bernabé  and  FAGABURU, Debora. Empathy or calculation? A critical analysis of vaccination geopolitics in Latin America. Foro int [online]. 2022, vol.62, n.1, pp.5-45.  Epub Mar 28, 2022. ISSN 0185-013X.

Vaccination geopolitics is an effort by the producer countries characterized by a struggle for access and influence that accompanies the export agreements, setting up of manufacturing plants, and donations. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated vaccine nationalism, United States-China clashes and inequality of access in Latin America. This article offers an in-depth analysis of the geopolitical strategies emerging around vaccine transactions in the region. Focusing on the precedence of geopolitical concerns over health ones, we use a study of transaction distribution to analyze the political preferences of the United States and the European countries, China, India and Russia. This points to two kinds of influence: the Chinese and Russian strategies are dominated by offensive and defensive political preferences combined with a ground-up economic diplomacy, while those of the United States, Europe and India are also offensive-defensive, but the economic diplomacy is top-down.

Keywords : external aid; vaccine geopolitics; Latin America; COVID-19.

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