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Salud Pública de México

versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634

Resumen

SANCHEZ-ZAMORANO, Luisa María; FLORES-SANCHEZ, Guillermo  y  LAZCANO-PONCE, Eduardo. Body fat percentage in adolescent among eating risk behaviors, home and sex. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2020, vol.62, n.1, pp.60-71.  Epub 28-Feb-2022. ISSN 0036-3634.  https://doi.org/10.21149/9996.

Objective:

To determine the association of risky eating behaviors and the home with the percentage of body fat in adolescents, modified by gender.

Materials and methods:

We analyzed the information of a cohort of 2 388 adolescents from Morelos in Mexico, from 2004 to 2007. Descriptive techniques and multiple linear regression models of mixed effects were performed.

Results:

The change in body fat percentage (PGC) is -1.4 percentage points, in men -3.1, in women 0.2. The change of the PGC in relation to CAR’s and the household is different by sex. The multiple model shows that diet is associated with an increase in PGC (1.25 IC95% 0.68-1.83) in women, in men of 1.74 (95% CI 0.60-2.88). In relation with the family, women show a positive relationship with the increase in the percentage of body fat according to whether they feel that their family does not love them sometimes or never (value p of trend <0.001), men show in the variable “Satisfied with the help your family receives”, a marginal association.

Conclusions:

Performing a diet without supervision is associated with an increase in the PGC, giving an effect contrary to what is desired. This is associated with family relationships, and is different between sex.

Palabras llave : adolescent; adiposity; obesity; diet; home.

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