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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634


SOTO-NOGUERON, Araceli  and  SIREVA-MEXICO GRUPO et al. Streptococcus pneumoniae: distribution of serotypes and antimicrobial susceptibility in patients with cáncer. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2018, vol.60, n.1, pp.21-28. ISSN 0036-3634.


To describe the distribution of pneumococcal serotypes causing infectious diseases in patients with hematological malignancies and solid tumors and their antimicrobial susceptibility before and after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Mexico.

Materials and methods:

Consecutive pneumococcal isolates from hospitalized patients from the SIREVA-network were serotyped using the Quellung reaction and antimicrobial susceptibility was performed using the broth microdilution method.


A total of 175 pneumococcal isolates were recovered, 105 from patients with hematological malignancies and 70 with solid tumors. Serotypes 19A (22.7%), 19F (20.4%), and 35B (17.7%) were the most frequent isolates in the first group and serotypes 3 (27.2%) and 19A (28.6%) in the second group. No decreased susceptibility to beta-lactams or TMP/SMX was observed after introduction of PCV7.


An increase in non-vaccine types is observed without significate changes in antimicrobial susceptibility after introduction of PCV7.

Keywords : Streptococcus pneumoniae; cancer; vaccines; anti-infective agents.

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