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Revista de investigación clínica

versão On-line ISSN 2564-8896versão impressa ISSN 0034-8376


RUIZ-SANDOVAL, José L. et al. Hospital Arrival and Functional Outcome after Intracerebral Hemorrhage. Rev. invest. clín. [online]. 2022, vol.74, n.1, pp.51-60.  Epub 28-Fev-2022. ISSN 2564-8896.


Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with an ominous outcome influenced by the time to hospital presentation.


This study aims to identify the factors that influence an early hospital arrival after ICH and the relationship with outcome.


In this multicenter registry, patients with confirmed ICH on CT scan and well-known time of symptoms onset were studied. Clinical data, arrival conditions, and prognostic scores were analyzed. Multivariate models were built to find independent predictors of < 6 h arrival (logistic regression) and in-hospital death (Cox proportional-hazards model).


Among the 473 patients analyzed (51% women, median age 63 years), the median delay since onset to admission was 6.25 h (interquartile range: 2.5-24 h); 7.8% arrived in < 1 h, 26.3% in < 3 h, 45.3% in < 6 h, and 62.3% in < 12 h. The in-hospital, 30-day and 90-day case fatality rates were 28.8%, 30.0%, and 32.6%, respectively. Predictors of arrival in < 6 h were hypertension treatment (odds ratios [OR]: 1.675, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.030-2.724), ≥ 3 years of schooling (OR: 1.804, 95% CI: 1.055-3.084), and seizures at ICH onset (OR: 2.416, 95% CI: 1.068-5.465). Predictors of death (56.9% neurological) were systolic blood pressure > 180 mmHg (hazards ratios [HR]: 1.839, 95% CI: 1.031-3.281), ICH score ≥ 3 (HR: 2.302, 95% CI: 1.300-4.074), and admission Glasgow Coma Scale < 8 (HR: 4.497, 95% CI: 2.466-8.199). Early arrival was not associated with outcome at discharge, 30 or 90 days.


In this study, less than half of patients with ICH arrived to the hospital in < 6 h. However, early arrival was not associated with the short-term outcome in this data set.

Palavras-chave : Arrival; Cerebrovascular; Death; Intracerebral hemorrhage; Outcome; Stroke.

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