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Neumología y cirugía de tórax

Print version ISSN 0028-3746


VAZQUEZ-MINERO, Juan Carlos et al. Ex vivo technique in a biological model for lung transplantation. A way to perform high realism simulation. Neumol. cir. torax [online]. 2020, vol.79, n.2, pp.78-81.  Epub Feb 28, 2022. ISSN 0028-3746.

Pulmonary transplantation is a treatment that involves mastery of a complex surgical technique, for the specialist in training in chest surgery. One modality of preserving the lung before being transplanted is the ex vivo technique.

Material and methods:

In order to train the resident in this area, a biological model of pig was used to obtain the heart lung block and its connection to the living system.


20 lung heart block procurements were carried out and connected to the lively system without complications, leaving them connected for two hours to assess, that the technique was correct. This significant learning modality, with a process of situated cognition, helps to improve the learning of residents in training.


High-realism biological simulation is a very useful tool for meaningful and situated learning of thoracic surgery residents.

Keywords : Simulation; biological model; ex vivo technique.

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