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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)

versión On-line ISSN 2448-4865versión impresa ISSN 0026-1742


MARTINEZ LUNA, Monserrat et al. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Bases for the General Practitioner. Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [online]. 2020, vol.63, n.3, pp.28-35.  Epub 05-Mar-2021. ISSN 2448-4865.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic degenerative disease. It is a frequent, preventable and treatable disease characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation. The National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER), ranked COPD in 2016 in fourth place in the table of annual morbidity and mortality in Mexico. The prevalence of COPD is directly related to smoking; however, its development is multifactorial.

For its study it is important to know of any prior exposure to risk factors and of any manifestation of the main symptoms. To make a diagnosis, a detailed clinical history, where the largest amount of data is collected from every new possible COPD patient, and a spirometry are essential. Individual pharmacological treatment is necessary due to the great variability among COPD patients. The drugs used in the treatment of COPD reduce the symptoms, the frequency and severity of exacerbations; however, there is no medication that modifies the long-term deterioration of the lung function. Therefore, a basic knowledge of this condition by the medical doctor first contacted, is essential for the suspicion of COPD in its initial stage and thus, offer the patient immediate medical intervention. The objective of the present work is to provide a basic overview of COPD to the general practitioner.

Palabras llave : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; biomass; tobacco; chronic obstructive bronchitis; emphysema; respiratory system.

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