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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)

On-line version ISSN 2448-4865Print version ISSN 0026-1742


RODRIGUEZ-LARA, Vianey et al. The influence of estrogens in lung cancer. Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [online]. 2015, vol.58, n.5, pp.5-12. ISSN 2448-4865.

Lung cancer is currently a worldwide health issue because of the mortality and high incidence of this pathology in both men and women. The most common form of lung cancer is adenocarcinoma (ADC); It is an interesting disease entity because among every type of lung cancer it has the lower association with smoking and a significant percentage of patients with adenocarcinoma are not smokers. Hence other factors such as exposure to wood-smoke, air pollutants, family history of cancer, among others, are important in the development of lung ADC. Nowadays, lung ADC is the main form of lung cancer in women and reports show that premenopausal women have the worse prognosis and have more aggressive tumors compared to men and postmenopausal women. These data suggests that estrogens have a particular role in lung cancer physiopathology mainly in ADC. Although there is sufficient epidemiological evidence that indicates a relationship between sexual hormones and lung cancer, the role of estrogens in this pathology is still controversial. Furthermore there is no general consent regarding the known mechanisms by which these hormones could promote carcinogenesis and because the scarce information about the implication of these hormones in lung carcinogenesis more studies are needed. In this review we discuss the role and relevance of estrogens in lung cancer, a pathology whose hormonal dependency is becoming clearer.

Keywords : Lung cancer; estrogens; woman.

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