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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina (México)

On-line version ISSN 2448-4865Print version ISSN 0026-1742

Abstract

LESCAS MENDEZ, Octavio et al. Temporomandibular disorders: Clinical complex that the general practitioner must recognize and know how to treat. Special professorship "Dr. Ignacio Chávez". Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [online]. 2012, vol.55, n.1, pp.4-11. ISSN 2448-4865.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a set of clinical problems that involve different anatomical structures such as masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint and related anatomical structures. They are considered a subclass of musculoskeletal disorders and have been identified as a major cause of non-dental facial pain. TMDs are characterized by pain in the masticatory muscles, either in the pre-auricular area or directly in the joint (usually worsened by manipulation or altered movement of the jaw, mainly due to movement limitation) and the presence of clicking sounds during movement. Epidemiologically, TMDs have a prevalence ranging from 20% to 70% in the general population, that is why we believe it is important for the general practitioner to have the basic knowledge about these disorders, often unknown to the general practitioner who leaves the to the odontologist. Treatment includes fostering self-care measures, conservative treatment, or surgical treatment when necessary.

Keywords : Facial pain; temporomandibular joint; mastication.

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