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Diálogos sobre educación. Temas actuales en investigación educativa

versión On-line ISSN 2007-2171

Diálogos sobre educ. Temas actuales en investig. educ. vol.8 no.15 Zapopan jul./dic. 2017



Education in Latin America: historical perspectives

Anayanci Fregoso Centeno

Educational processes are complex, and that is precisely how we should view them. They are nourished by institutional devices, pedagogical articulations and the practices of individual actors, in the course of specific political, social and cultural transitions.

Seeing education in these terms allows us to acknowledge the places occupied by different actors other than teachers and students, as well as the specific weight the latter have. Weighing thus the place that the history —or histories— of communities has had and still has in the shaping of national and regional identities in the light of these educational processes enables us to delve deeper into the recovery of memory as a pedagogical instrument, a human right, and the support in the creation of educational models or forms that resound in an attentive, driven and active listening. It is a history that restores the timbre of silenced voices, material places and symbolic practices, histories retrieved by individual subjects and placed in the service of educational processes inscribed in their own times and spaces.

In this sense, Latin America emerges as a region that articulates a plurality of similar social and political processes —with, at the same time, local particularities— which must be taken into account. Mapping educational models, locating their reappropriations, understanding the actors' experiences, social resistances, and manifestations of agency, allows us to see education as a path that can lead to imagining more democratic spaces, with individuals who are able to envisage more fully lived lives.

Thus, research that, through careful analysis of its own — as well as its shared and nearby — history, enables us to see the value of education as an emancipatory asset, has gained strength in Latin America. These researchers see history —social and cultural heritage, oral tradition — apprehended through theoretical frameworks, as well as specific methods and instruments, as a window for questioning the past, making room for the possibilities of transformation.

The articles in this issue, “Education in Latin America: historical perspectives”, weave a fabric that, contrary to what might generally be assumed, brings out the resistance of the apparently thinnest threads, those educational experiences that seem imperceptible because they are not the hegemonic models, but experiment with and are supported by a past that remains alive. By this I mean that in this dossier we will find conceptual and didactic uses of history that propose original re-appropriations and trace veins still unexplored by historiographic research. It invites us to demystify sources in favor of a more participative educational and research practice closer to the community, the public square, and the individual.

Diálogos sobre educación. Temas actuales en investigación educativa is deeply thankful to doctors María Mercedes Molina Hurtado and Yobenj Aucardo Chicangana Bayona for their efforts in creating a space to reflect on education in the light of analytical proposals rooted in our region and its histories.

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