versión On-line ISSN 1870-9044
Polibits no.44 México jul./dic. 2011
Identifying the User's Intentions: Basic Illocutions in Modern Greek
Maria Chondrogianni is with the School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Westminster, 115 New Cavendish Street, London, W1W 6UW, UK (email: M.N.Chondrogianni@westminster.ac.uk).
Manuscript received June 25, 2011.
Manuscript accepted for publication August 20, 2011.
This paper presents a comprehensive classification of basic illocutions in Modern Greek, extracted following the linguistic choices speakers make when they formulate an utterance, provided such choices form part of a language's grammar. Our approach lies on the interface between Morphosyntax, Pragmatics and Phonology and allows for basic illocutions to be established depending on the particular verb mood, particle, number, person, aspect and segmental marker, as well as the prosodic contour used when an utterance is realized. Our results show that Indicative uses, for example, are mostly associated with propositional illocutions, consisting of declarative uses, including assertions, miratives, and assertions in disguise; interrogative uses, including polar and content interrogatives; and behavioral illocutions i.e. exhortations (expressed in first person plural only). Secondary sentence types, (involving additional segmental marking) include requests for confirmation, wondering, expression of uncertainty and proffer. In this paper we discuss propositional uses only. Such a theoretical approach can have a direct impact on applications involving HumanComputer Interaction, including intentionbased dialogue systems' modeling, natural language interfaces to Data Bases and Intelligent Agents as well as Belief, Desire and Intention systems, which require the computer to be able to interpret what a user's objective (intention) is, so that the users' needs can be best served.
Key words: Pragmatics, basic illocutions, Modern Greek.
 J. Alian, "Recognizing intention from natural language utterances," in Brady, M. Berwick, R. (eds.) Computational Models of Discourse, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1983, pp.107186. [ Links ]
 A. Arvaniti, & Baltazani, M., "Intonation analysis and prosodic annotation of Greek spoken corpora," in SunAh Jun (ed.) Prosodic Typology: The Phonology of Intonation and Phrasing, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 84117. [ Links ]
 M. Chondrogianni, "Basic illocutions of the MG Indicative," in 10th International Conference on Greek Linguistics, Komotini, Greece, (forthcomingª) September 2011. [ Links ]
 M. Chondrogianni, "Basic Illocutions of the MG Subjunctive (to appear in the Selected papers volume of ISTAL 20)," in 20th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, Thessaloniki, Greece, April 2011. [ Links ]
 M. Chondrogianni, "The Pragmatics of Prohibitive and Hortative in MG," in Kitis E., Lavidas N., Topintzi N. & Tsangalidis T. (eds.) Selected papers from the 19th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (19 ISTAL, April 2009), Thessaloniki: Monochromia,2011, pp. 135142. [ Links ]
 M. Chondrogianni, "The Indicative in Modern Greek," in Tsangalidis A, (ed.) Selected papers from the 18th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (18th ISTAL, May 2007), Thessaloniki: Monochromia, 2009, pp. 123130. [ Links ]
 J. Habermas, The theory of communicative action, London, Beacon Press, 1981. [ Links ]
 K. Hengeveld and J. L. Mackenzie, Functional Discourse Grammar: A typologicallybased theory of language structure, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. [ Links ]
 K. Hengeveld, E. Nazareth Bechara, R. Gomes Camacho A. Regina Guerra, T. Peres de Oliveira, E. Penhavel, Goreti E. Pezatti, L. Santana, E. R. F. de Souza, & M. L. Teixeira, "Basic illocutions in the native languages of Brazil," in Mattos DallAglio M. Hattnher, & K. Hengeveld, (eds) Advances in Functional Discourse Grammar. Special issue of AlfaRevista de Lingüística 51 (2) 7390, 2007. [ Links ]
 A.A.G. Steuten, R.P. van de Riet & Dietz, J.L.G., "Linguistically based conceptual modeling of business communication," Daía Knowledge Engineering 35 (2) 121136, 2000. [ Links ]
 W. Zadrozny, M. Budzikowska, J. Chai, N Kambhatla, S. Levesque, & N. Nicolov, "Natural Language Dialogue for Personalized Interaction", Communications of the ACM (CACM) 43 (8) 116120, 2000. [ Links ]