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versión On-line ISSN 1870-9044

Polibits  no.41 México ene./jun. 2010


Special section: processing of semantic information


A Natural Language Dialogue System for Impression–based Music Retrieval


Tadahiko Kumamoto


National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Hikaridai 3–5, Kansai Science City, Kyoto 619–0289, Japan. (email:


Manuscript received November 4, 2009.
Manuscript accepted for publication May 31, 2010.



Impression–based music retrieval is the best way to find pieces of music that suit the preferences, senses, or mental states of users. A natural language interface (NLI) is more useful and effective than a graphical user interface for impression–based music retrieval since an NLI interprets users' spontaneous input sentences to represent musical impressions and generates query vectors for music retrieval. Existing impression–based music retrieval systems, however, have no dialogue capabilities for modifying the most recently used query vector. We evaluated a natural language dialogue system we developed that deals not only with 164 impression words but also with 14 comparative expressions, such as "a little more" and "more and more," and, if necessary, modifies the most recently used query vector through a dialogue. We also evaluated performance using 35 participants to determine the effectiveness of our dialogue system.

Key words: Music retrieval, impression–based, natural langauge dialogue.





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