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Revista mexicana de biodiversidad

versión On-line ISSN 2007-8706versión impresa ISSN 1870-3453

Rev. Mex. Biodiv. vol.84 no.1 México mar. 2013

http://dx.doi.org/10.7550/rmb.26896 

Notas científicas

 

Two additions to the Mexican orchid flora

 

Dos adiciones a la orquideoflora mexicana

 

Gerardo A. Salazar

 

Departamento de Botánica, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado postal 70-367, 04510 México D. F., México. * gasc@ibunam2.ibiologia.unam.mx

 

Recibido: 26 agosto 2011
Aceptado: 17 septiembre 2012

 

Abstract

Two species of Orchidaceae are recorded here for the first time in Mexico, namely Cryptarrhena guatemalensis and Domingoa gemma. Cryptarrhena guatemalensis is widespread in the Neotropics and can be distinguished from C. lunata, the only other species of the genus, by possessing pseudobulbs and narrowly triangular, attenuate apical labellum lobules. Domingoa gemma, previously known only from Guatemala and El Salvador, differs from the similar D. purpurea in the smooth, linear-lanceolate leaves and labellum lacking a prominent sac at the base. Both species are known in Mexico from single localities in the state of Chiapas.

Key words: Chiapas, Cryptarrhena guatemalensis, Domingoa gemma, new records, Orchidaceae.

 

Resumen

Se registran aquí por primera vez en México 2 especies de Orchidaceae, Cryptarrhena guatemalensis y Domingoa gemma. Cryptarrhena guatemalensis está ampliamente distribuida en el neotrópico y se distingue de C. lunata, la única otra especie del género, por presentar pseudobulbos y por los lóbulos apicales del labelo angostamente triangularesy atenuados. Domingoa gemma, previamente conocida sólo de Guatemala y El Salvador, difiere de D. purpurea, especie similar, en las hojas lisas, linear-lanceoladas y el labelo sin un saco prominente en la base. En México sólo se conoce una localidad para cada especie y ambas se ubican en el estado de Chiapas.

Palabras clave: Chiapas, Cryptarrhena guatemalensis, Domingoa gemma, nuevos registros, Orchidaceae.

 

The Mexican orchid flora encompasses approximately 1 250 species and 168 genera, and it is considered one of the best known for a tropical country (Hágsater et al., 2005; Soto-Arenas et al., 2007). Nevertheless, the species inventory continues increasing as a result of both revision of species' limits in monographic studies of particular taxa (e.g. Cetzal and Carnevali, 2010) and collecting in previously unexplored areas (e.g. Salazar and de Santiago, 2007; Solano-Gómez and Salazar, 2007; Salazar et al., 2011; Solano-Gómez and Martínez-Ovando, 2011; Solano-Gómez et al., 2011). Here I note 2 further orchid species that had not been previously recorded for this country.

Cryptarrhena guatemalensis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 253. 1911.

Cryptarrhena acrensis Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gard. Belin-Dahlem 6: 126. 1914.

Cryptarrhena unguiculata Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 103. 1921.

Cryptarrhena quadricornu Kraenzl., Pflanzenr. 4, 50: 314. 1922.

Cryptarrhena ghillanyi Pabst, Orchid. Rev. 79: 75. 1971. Specimen examined. Mexico. Chiapas: municipio Ocosingo, Estación Chajul, camino a la sabana, 7 Jan 1999, S. Sinaca 1098bis (MEXU).

Distribution and habitat. This species was known previously from Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Guyana, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, from sea level up to 900 m in elevation. In Mexico it was found in a tropical rain forest at 160 m above sea level.

Remarks. Cryptarrhena guatemalensis is easily distinguished from C. lunata R. Br.,the only other species of this genus, by the possession of distinct pseudobulbs and the narrowly triangular, attenuate apical labellum lobules (Figs. 1A, B). Conversely, in C. lunata there are no pseudobulbs and the apical lobules of the labellum are obliquely triangular-ovate to subquadrate (Ames and Correll, 1953). The last species is known from several locations in the Mexican states of Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Veracruz (Soto-Arenas and Solano-Gómez, 2007) and it is also widespread, though uncommon, throughout Central America, the Antilles, Colombia and Ecuador.

Domingoa gemma (Rchb.f.) van den Berg et Soto Arenas, Neodiversity 2: 8. 2007.

Hartwegia gemma Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 2: 8. 1878. Scaphyglottis gemma (Rchb.f.) L. O.Williams, Ceiba 5: 156. 1956.

Nageliellagemma (Rchb.f.) Dressler, Taxon 15: 242. 1966. Hartwegia purpurea Lindl. var. angustifolia Booth ex Lindl., Edward's Bot. Reg. 29: Misc. p. 45. 1843.

Nageliella angustifolia (Booth ex Lindl.) Ames et Correll, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 10: 80. 1942.

Domingoa angustifolia (Booth ex Lindl.) J. M. H. Shaw, Orchid Rev. 116 (suppl. 1280): 23. 2008.

Specimen examined. Mexico. Chiapas: km 4 between Motozintla and Niquivil, collected 16 Apr 2008, pressed in cultivation 16 Apr 2010, C. R. Beutelspacher s.n. (MEXU).

Distribution and habitat. Domingoa gemma was previously known from Guatemala and El Salvador (as Nageliella angustifolia). It inhabits oak forests at 1 600-2 100 m elevation.

Remarks. Soto et al. (2007) sunk the genus Nageliella L. O. Williams in Domingoa Schltr. in order to achieve monophyly, since a phylogenetic analysis of subtribe Laeliinae based on nuclear ribosomal ITS DNA sequences recovered the 2 known species of Nageliella as nested in Domingoa (van den Berg et al., 2000). Domingoa gemma can be distinguished from D. purpurea (Lindl.) van den Berg et Soto Arenas, the most closely related species, by its proportionately narrower, linear-lanceolate leaves (vs. lanceolate to ovate), which when fresh are smooth (vs. rough), and the labellum lacking a prominent sac at the base (Figs. 1C, D).

The author thanks Dr. Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts for courtesies extended during study of his live orchid collection at Berriozábal, Chiapas, from which the specimen of D. gemma was pressed, and two anonymous reviewers for useful suggestions to the manuscript.

 

Literature cited

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Hágsater, E., M. A. Soto-Arenas, G. A. Salazar, R. Jiménez-Machorro, M. A. López and R. L. Dressler. 2005. Orchids of Mexico. Instituto Chinoin. Mexico City. 302 p.         [ Links ]

Salazar, G. A. and R. de Santiago. 2007. A new species of Malaxis (Orchidaceae) from Guerrero, Mexico. Brittonia 59:238-242.         [ Links ]

Salazar, G. A., C. Chávez-Rendón, R. Jiménez-Machorro and A. de Ávila. 2011. A new species of Galeoglossum (Orchidaceae, Cranichidinae) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Systematic Botany 36:261-267.         [ Links ]

Solano-Gómez, R. and G. A. Salazar. 2007. A new species of Stelis (Orchidaceae, Pleurothallidinae) from Guerrero, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 78:253-256.         [ Links ]

Solano-Gómez, R. and E. Martínez-Ovando. 2011. Phragmipedium warscewiczii, a new record for the Mexican orchid flora. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 82:69-75.         [ Links ]

Solano-Gómez, R., R. Jiménez-Machorro and A. A. Damon. 2011. Two new records and one rediscovery for the Orchidaceae of Mexico. Acta Botanica Mexicana 96:57-70.         [ Links ]

Soto-Arenas, M. A. and R. Solano-Gómez. 2007. Ficha técnica de Cryptarrhena lunata. Información actualizada sobre las especies de orquídeas del PROY-NOM-059-ECOL-2000. Bases de datos SNIB-CONABIO. URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/conocimiento/ise/fichasnom/Cryptarrhenalunata00.pdf; 28.11.2013.         [ Links ]

Soto-Arenas, M. A., G. A. Salazar and C. van den Berg. 2007. New combinations in Domingoa, Homalopetalum (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae), and Nemaconia (Orchidaceae: Ponerinae). Neodiversity 2:7-9.         [ Links ]

Soto-Arenas, M. A., E. Hágsater, R. Jiménez-Machorro, G. A. Salazar, R. Solano-Gómez, R. Flores and I. Ruiz. 2007. Orchids of Mexico: digital catalogue. Instituto Chinoin. Mexico City.         [ Links ]

van den Berg, C., W. E. Higgins, R. L. Dressler, W. M. Whitten, M. A. Soto-Arenas, A. Culham and M. W. Chase. 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of Laeliinae (Orchidaceae) based on sequence data from internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Lindleyana 15:96-114.         [ Links ]

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