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Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society

versión impresa ISSN 1870-249X

J. Mex. Chem. Soc vol.53 no.3 México jul./sep. 2009

 

Article

 

Calculation of the Density and Detonation Properties of C, H, N, O and F Compounds: Use in the Design and Synthesis of New Energetic Materials*

 

Rodney L. Willer

 

School of Polymers and High Performance Materials, University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive #10076, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, e–mail: Rodney.Willer@usm.edu

 

Received May 21, 2009
Accepted September 11, 2009

 

Abstract

The estimation of the density and detonation properties of C, H, N, O, F explosives is discussed. A simple computer program, "Energy", first developed at the Naval Weapons Center–China Lake in the early 1980's is presented in an updated form. This program allows the rapid calculation of the estimated properties of both known and hypothetical energetic materials. A review of the use of this program in the synthesis of new energetic materials is given.

Keywords: Density, Detonation Pressure, Detonation Velocity, Specific Impulse, Energetic Materials, Synthesis, Energetic Polymers, Cubanes, Nitramines, Furazans, Tetrazoles.

 

Resumen

Se describe la estimación de las propiedades de densidad y detonación de explosivos C, H, N, O, F. Se presenta en forma actualizada el programa sencillo de cómputo llamado Energy, desarrollado primeramente en el Centro de Armamento Naval de China Lake al comienzo de la década de los ochenta. Este programa permite el cálculo rápido de la estimación de las propiedades de materiales energéticos, tanto conocidos como hipotéticos. También se describe una revisión del uso de este programa para la síntesis de nuevos materiales energéticos.

Palabras clave: Densidad, presión de detonación, velocidad de detonación, impulso específico, materiales energéticos, síntesis, polímeros energéticos, cubanos, nitraminas, furazanos, tetrazoles.

 

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Acknowledgements

The research described in this paper was generously supported over the last 30 years by The Office of Naval Research (Drs. Richard S. Miller and Dr. Clifford Bedford), The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (Dr. Anthony Matuszko), NWC Independent Research and Development, The Naval Sea Systems Command (Mr. Les Roslund, Mr. George Edwards, and Dr. Horst Adolph), and Thiokol Corporation IR& D (Dr. David Flanigan). Many co–workers made invaluable contributions. These include Dr. Arnie Nielsen, Dr. Ron Henry, Dr. Oliver Chen, Mr. Dennis Park, Mr. Rob Day, Mr. Richard Biddle, Dr.Glen Cunkle and Dr. Alfred Stern.

 

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Note

*Dedicated to the memory of Professor Ernest L. Eliel.