SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.14 número3Recuperación de carbohidratos de las aguas residuales de la nixtamalización (nejayote) por ultrafiltraciónDiseño de fosas sépticas rectangulares mediante el uso de la herramienta FOSEP índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • No hay artículos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Revista mexicana de ingeniería química

versión impresa ISSN 1665-2738

Rev. Mex. Ing. Quím vol.14 no.3 México sep./dic. 2015

 

Ingeniería ambiental

 

Evaluation of adsorption and Fenton-adsorption processes for landfill leachate treatment

 

Evaluación de los procesos de adsorción y Fenton-adsorción para el tratamiento de lixiviados de relleno sanitario

 

L. San Pedro-Cedillo1*, R.I. Méndez-Novelo1, M.N. Rojas-Valencia2, M. Barceló-Quintal3, E.R. Castillo-Borges1, M.R. Sauri-Riancho, J.M. Marrufo-Gómez3

 

1 Faculty of Engineering, Autonomous University of Yucatán. Av. Industrias No Contaminantes por Periférico Norte S/N. Mérida, Yucatán, México. * Corresponding author. E-mail: lilia_83@hotmail.com Phone: 52 (999) 9860902, Fax. 52 (999) 9410189

2 Engineering Institute of National Autonomous University of México. Circuito Escolar s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Delegación Coyoacán, México D.F

3 Faculty of Chemistry, Autonomous University of Yucatán. Calle 43 No. 613 x Calle 90 Col. Inalámbrica. C.P. 97069. Mérida, Yucatán, México.

 

Received July 4, 2014;
Accepted August 8, 2015.

 

Abstract

The objective of this research was to compare the adsorption and Fenton-adsorption treatments for the removal of contaminants in leachate from landfills and thus determine the most efficient one. The adsorption process with granular activated carbon was tested in two types of samples: raw leachate and leachate treated by Fenton. The results showed color, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen and total organic carbon (TOC) removal rates higher than 99% through the Fenton-adsorption process, while total nitrogen, COD, color and TOC removal rates of 81, 89, 92 and 93 %, respectively, were obtained through the adsorption process on the raw leachate. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GS-MS) was used to found that: the main organic compound in the leachate produced in the landfill from Merida city, Yucatan, Mexico, is bisphenol-A, which was removed only during the adsorption stage of the Fenton-adsorption process. Furthermore, the biodegradability index (BI) increased from 0.084 to 0.476 through adsorption and up to 0.82 through the Fenton-adsorption treatment.

Keywords: activated carbon; adsorption; bisphenol-A; Fenton; leachate.

 

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación fue comparar los tratamientos de adsorción y Fenton-adsorción para la remoción de contaminantes en lixiviados de rellenos sanitarios y determinar el más eficiente. El proceso de adsorción con carbón activado granular fue probado en dos tipos de muestras: lixiviado crudo y lixiviado tratado con Fenton. Los resultados muestran que la remoción de color, demanda química de oxigeno (DQO), nitrógeno total y carbón orgánico total (COT) es superior a 99% con el proceso Fenton-adsorción, mientras que con el proceso de adsorción la remoción de nitrógeno total, DQO y COT fue de 81, 89 y 92%, respectivamente. Mediante el uso de cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas se encontró que el bisfenol-A es el principal compuesto orgánico presente en el lixiviado producido en el relleno sanitario de la ciudad de Mérida, Yucatán, México. Este compuesto fue removido sólo durante la etapa de adsorción del proceso Fenton-adsorción. Asimismo, el índice de biodegradabilidad (IB) se incrementó de 0.084 a 0.476 mediante el tratamiento del lixiviado con adsorción, y 0.82 con el tratamiento Fenton-adsorción.

Palabras clave: adsorción; bisfenol-A; carbón activado granular; Fenton; lixiviado.

 

DESCARGAR ARTÍCULO EN FORMATO PDF

 

References

Abbas, A., Jingsong, G., Ping, L., Ya, P., Al-Rekabi W. (2009), Review on landfill leachate treatments. American Journal of Applied Sciences Research 6, 672-684.         [ Links ]

APHA-AWWA-WPCF (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 18th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington DC.         [ Links ]

Aziz, S. Q., Aziz, H. A., Yusoff, M. S., Bashir, M. J., (2011). Landfill leachate treatment using powdered activated carbon augmented sequencing batch reactor (SBR) process: Optimization by response surface methodology. Journal of Hazardous Materials 189, 404-413.         [ Links ]

Banar, M., Özkan, A., Kürkcüoglu M. (2006). Characterization of the leachate in an urban landfill by physicochemical analysis and solid phase microextraction-GC/MS. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 121,437-457.         [ Links ]

Bashir, M.J., Isa, M.H., Kutty S.R., Awang Z.B., Aziz H.A., Mohajeri S., Farooqi I.H. (2009), Landfill leachate treatment by electrochemical oxidation. Waste Management 29, 2534-2541.         [ Links ]

Bodzek, M., Lobos-Moysa, E., Zamorowska, M. (2006). Removal of organic compounds from municipal landfill leachate in a membrane bioreactor. Desalination 198, 16-23.         [ Links ]

Calli, B., Mertoglu, B., Inanc, B. (2005). Landfill leachate management in Istanbul: applications and alternatives. Chemosphere 59, 819-829.         [ Links ]

Cortez, S., Teixeira, P., Oliveira, R., Mota, M. (2011). Evaluation of Fenton and ozone-based advanced oxidation processes as mature landfill leachate pre-treatments. Journal of Environmental Management 92, 749-755.         [ Links ]

Cueto C. R. (2012). Study of the degradation and mineralization of Bisphenol a (BPA) by Fenton oxidation (in Spanish). Degree thesis, Universidad de Cantabria, España.         [ Links ]

Deng, Y., Englehardt, J. (2006). Electrochemical oxidation for landfill leachate treatment. Waste Management 27, 380-388.         [ Links ]

Eggen, T., Moeder, M., Arukwe, A. (2010). Municipal landfill leachates: a significant source for new and emerging pollutants. Science of the Total Environment 408, 5147-5157.         [ Links ]

Guo, J. S., Abbas, A. A., Chen, Y. P., Liu, Z. P., Fang, F., Chen, P. (2010). Treatment of landfill leachate using a combined stripping, Fenton, SBR, and coagulation process. Journal of Hazardous Materials 178, 699-705.         [ Links ]

Halim, A. A., Aziz, H. A., Johari, M. A. M., Ariffin, K.S. (2010). Comparison study of ammonia and COD adsorption on zeolite, activated carbon and composite materials in landfill leachate treatment. Desalination 262, 31-35.         [ Links ]

Kang, K.H., Shin, S., Park H. (2002). Characterization of humic substances present in landfill leachates with different landfill ages and its implications. Water Research 36, 4023-4032.         [ Links ]

Kurniawan, T.A., Lo, W., Chan, G. (2006). Physicochemical treatments for removal of recalcitrant contaminants from landfill leachate. Waste Management 129, 80-100.         [ Links ]

Markey, C., Luque, E., Muñoz de Toro, M., Sonnenschein, C., Soto, A. (2001). In utero exposure to bisphenol A alters the development and tissue organization of the mouse mammary gland. Biology of Reproduction 65, 1215-1223.         [ Links ]

Martínez, E., López, G. (2001). Chemical treatment of organic pollutants: Fenton process, (in Spanish). Ingeniería Química 375, 149-151.         [ Links ]

May A. (2010). Optimization of the adsorption process of a leachate treatment Fenton-filtration-adsorption (in Spanish). Master?s thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, México.         [ Links ]

Méndez, R., Castillo, E., Sauri, M., Barceló, I., Ramírez R. (2010). Development of a technology for the treatment of leachate, (in Spanish), Proceedings of the Third National Meeting of Experts on Solid Residues, Mexico City.         [ Links ]

Méndez R., May A., Barceló I., Giacomán G., Zetina C. (2015) Leachate treatment by heterogeneous Fenton (In Spanish). 3rd Network forum quality, systems development treatment, recovery and sustainability of water bodies: water technology. UAM Azcapotzalco, México D.F.         [ Links ]

Pérez, P., Pulgar, R., Olea-Serrano, F., Villalobos, M., Rivas, A., Metzler, M., Pedraza, V., Olea, N. (1998). The estrogenicity of bisphenol A-related diphenylalkanes with various substituents at the central carbon and the hydroxy groups. Environmental Health Perspectives 106, 167-174.         [ Links ]

Ramírez, D., Castillo. E., Méndez, R., Sauri. M., Barceló. M., Marrufo J. (2013). Determination of organic compounds in landfill leachates treated by Fenton-Adsorption. Waste Management 2, 390-395.         [ Links ]

Renou, S., Givaudan, J.G., Poulain, S., Dirassouyan, F., Moulin, P., (2008), Landfill leachate treatment: review and opportunity. Journal of Hazardous Materials 150, 468-493.         [ Links ]

Salas G. and Ale N. (2014). Treatment of wastewater from an oil refinery by advanced oxidation process (AOP) using Fentonís reagent (H2O2/Fe2+) (in Spanish). Revista Peruana de Química e Ingeniería Química 11, 12-18.         [ Links ]

Sang, Y., Gu, Q., Sun, T., Li, F. (2008). Color and organic compounds removal from secondary effluent of landfill leachate with a novel inorganic polymer coagulant. Water Science Technology 58, 1423-1432.         [ Links ]

Schafer, T., Lapp, C., Hanes, M., Lewis, J., Wataha, J., Schuster, G. (1999). Estrogenicity of bisphenol A and bisphenol A dimethacrylate in vitro. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 45, 192-197.         [ Links ]

SEMARNAT, (2003), Mexican Official Norm NOM-001-SEMARNAT-1996, that establishes the maximum allowable pollutant in wastewater discharges in national waters (in Spanish), Official Journal of the Federation, México.

SEMARNAT, (2004), Mexican Official Norm NOM-083-SEMARNAT-2003, environmental protection specifications for site selection, design, construction, operation, monitoring, closure and additional works of a final disposal site for solid waste and special handling (in Spanish), Official Journal of the Federation, México.

Shahriari, H., Fernandes, L., Tezel, F. (2008). Investigation of organic, inorganic and synthetic adsorbents for the pretreatment of landfill leachate. Environmental Technology 29, 543-552.         [ Links ]

Sharholy, M., Ahmad, K., Mahmood, G., Trivedi, R. (2008). Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities: a review. Waste Management 28, 459-467.         [ Links ]

Slack, R., Gronow, J., Voulvoulis, N. (2005). Household hazardous waste in municipal landfills: contaminants in leachate. Science of the Total Environment 337, 119-137.         [ Links ]

Ubaldo V. E. D. C., Nájera A. H. A., Gutiérrez H. R. F. (2014). Evaluation of the removal of organic load by mature leachate a coupled system: coagulation-flocculation-anodic oxidation (in Spanish) Revista AIDIS de Ingeniería y Ciencias Ambientales: Investigación, Desarrollo y Práctica 7, 170-178.         [ Links ]

Valdés, H., y Zaror, C. A. (2010). Influence of surface chemical composition of the activated carbon adsorption benzothiazoles (in Spanish). Ingeniare. Revista Chilena de Ingeniería 18, 3843.         [ Links ]

Visvanathan, C., Choudhary, M., Montalbo, M., Jegatheesan, V. (2007). Landfill leachate treatment using thermophilic membrane bioreactor. Desalination 204, 8-16.         [ Links ]

Wang F., El-Din, M., Smith, D. (2004). Oxidation of aged raw landfill leachate with O3 only and O3/H2O2: treatment efficiency and molecular size distribution analysis. Ozone: Science and Engineering 26, 287-298.         [ Links ]

Wiszniowski, J., Robert, D., Surmacz-Gorska, J., Miksch, K., Weber J. (2006). Landfill leachate treatment methods: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters 4, 51-61.         [ Links ]

Wu, Y., Zhou, S., Qin, F., Peng, H., Lai, Y., Lin, Y. (2010). Removal of humic substances from landfill leachate by Fenton oxidation and coagulation. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 88, 276-284        [ Links ]

Xing, W., Ngo, H., Kim, H., Guo, W., Hagare, P. (2008). Physicochemical processes for landfill leachate treatment: experiments and mathematical models. Separation Science and Technology 43, 347-361.         [ Links ]

Yamamoto, T., Yasuhara, A., Shiraishi, H., Nakasugi, O. (2001). Bisphenol A in hazardous waste landfill leachates. Chemosphere 42,415-418.         [ Links ]

Yilmaz, T., Aygun, A., Berktay, A., Nas, B. (2010). Removal of COD and colour from young municipal landfill leachate by Fenton process. Environmental Technology 31, 1635-1640.         [ Links ]

Yokoyama, L., Campos, J.C., Moura, D.A.G., Costa, A.P.M., Cardillo, L. (2009). Ammonia removal from landfill leachates by air stripping, Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium, Cagliari, Italy, October 5-9.         [ Links ]

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons