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Archivos de cardiología de México

versión On-line ISSN 1665-1731versión impresa ISSN 1405-9940

Arch. Cardiol. Méx. vol.91 no.4 Ciudad de México oct./dic. 2021  Epub 06-Dic-2021 

Imágenes en cardiología

Cor triatriatum dexter associated to Ebstein anomaly with tricuspid double lesion and atrial septal defect

Cor triatriatum dexter asociado a anomalía de Ebstein con doble lesión tricúspidea y comunicación interatrial

Ricardo Alvarez-Santana1  2 

Jesus A. Garcia-Diaz1  3 

Mara Escudero-Salamanca1  4 

Roberto Cano-Zarate5 

Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta1  6  * 

1Department of Nuclear cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City

2Institute of Medical Sciences, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua

3Academic Unit of Medicine, Autonomous University of Nayarit, Tepic-Nayarit

4Mexican Faculty of Medicine, La Salle University, Mexico City

5Department of Magnetic Resonance, National Institute of Cardiology Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City

6Department of Echocardiography, ABC Medical Center, I.A.P, Mexico City, Mexico

Female 23-year-old patient with heart murmur diagnosed in the first year of life. She attended to our institute with progressive dyspnea and palpitations of 7-month evolution. Physical examination showed perioral and distal cyanosis with digital clubbing, oxygen saturation of 79%, jugular plethora, arrhythmic heart sounds of upper limbs, fixed second heart sound, systolic tricuspid murmur, and edema. Electrocardiogram and 24 hour Holter monitoring showed atrial fibrillation and right bundle branch block. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed Ebstein anomaly with moderate displacement of tricuspid septal leaflet (46%), atrialized right ventricle of 37%, functional ventricle of 63% (A), double tricuspid lesion with severe regurgitation, tricuspid area of 2.26 cm2 (B, C), ostium secundum-atrial septal defect (diameter – 19 mm) with right-to-left shunt (D), infundibular dilation (E), non-obstructive cor triatriatum dexter (F, G), and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF – 30%). Cardiac magnetic resonance showed biventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF: 26%, right ventricular ejection fraction: 19%) and fibrosis of the right atrium, interventricular septum and in the sites of septal and posterior leaflets adherence to the right ventricle, (H, I) (Fig.1).

Figure 1 Transthoracic 2-D and 3-D echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance. A: Four-chamber view showing moderate Ebstein’s anomaly with atrial septal defect (arrow). B: Severe tricuspid regurgitation (arrows). C: 3D echocardiogram showing tricuspid stenosis area of 2.26 cm2. D: Atrial septal defect with right to left shunt. E: Infundibular dilation and normal pulmonary valve. F: Modified four chamber view showing the membrane (arrow) dividing the right atrium in two chambers: RA1 and RA2. G: Color Dopplerrevealed severe tricuspid regurgitation and non-obstructive membrane. H: Four-chamber view and I: short axis of both ventricles with the right atrial and septal fibrosis, also fibrosis in the sites of septal and posterior leaflets adherence to the right ventricle, (arrows). RA: right atrium; aRV: atrialized right ventricle; fRV: functional right ventricle; LA: left atrium; LV: left ventricle; ASD: atrial septal defect; PI: pulmonary infundibulum; PA: pulmonary artery; RA-1: right atrium 1; RA-2: right atrium 2; LAA: left atrial appendage. 

The patient received medical treatment and oxygen with improvement on clinical symptoms and oxygen saturation – 94%. She was not considered a candidate for surgical treatment. Actually, she continues her follow-up in the outpatient clinic, and she is in functional NYHA Class II.

Cor triatriatum dexter is an extremely rare congenital heart disease with a prevalence of 0.01%1. In this abnormality, the right atrium is divided into two parts by a membrane, resulting on the lack of regression of the right valve of sinus venosus and it is usually associated with other congenital anomalies2.

The multimodality imaging allowed us to establish the precise diagnosis and make therapeutic decisions.


1. Krasemann Z, Scheld HH, Tjan TD, Krasemann T. Cor triatriatum:short review of the literature upon ten new cases. Herz. 2007;32:506-10. [ Links ]

2. Eroglu S, Yildirir A, Simsek V, Bilgi M, Ozin B, Muderrisoglu H. Cor triatriatum dexter, atrial septal defect, and Ebstein's anomaly in an adult given a diagnosis by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography:a case report. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2004;17:780-2. [ Links ]

FundingNo financial support.

Ethical disclosures

Protection of human and animal subjects. The authors declare that no experiments were performed on humans or animals for this study.

Confidentiality of data. The authors declare that they have followed the protocols of their work center on the publication of patient data.

Right to privacy and informed consent. The authors declare that no patient data appear in this article.

Received: July 30, 2020; Accepted: November 24, 2020

* Correspondence: Nilda Espinola-Zavaleta E-mail:

Conflicts of interest


Creative Commons License Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Permanyer. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license