SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.57 issue3Late Cenozoic intraplate-type volcanism in central and northern Mexico: a revisionThe Mesa Central of Mexico: Stratigraphy, structure, and cenozoic tectonic evolution author indexsubject indexsearch form
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO

Share


Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana

Print version ISSN 1405-3322

Bol. Soc. Geol. Mex vol.57 n.3 México Dec. 2005

https://doi.org/10.18268/bsgm2005v57n3a2 

Artículos

Petrogénesis ígnea de la Faja Volcánica Transmexicana

Igneous petrogenesis of the Transmexican Volcanic Belt

Arturo Gómez-Tuena1  * 

Ma. Teresa Orozco-Esquivel1 

Luca Ferrari1 

1Centro de Geociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Apartado postal 1-742, Querétaro, Qro., 76001, México


Resumen

La extraordinaria diversidad magmática de la Faja Volcánica Transmexicana está controlada (directa o indirectamente) por dos placas oceánicas independientes cuyos parámetros geofísicos y composicionales se modifican constantemente a lo largo de la trinchera, por un régimen tectónico esencialmente distensivo que opera con distinta intensidad sobre la placa continental, por un basamento cortical con diferentes edades, espesores y composiciones, y por una fuente mantélica primaria de composición extremadamente variable que ha sido influenciada, en mayor o menor medida, por los agentes químicos derivados de la subducción. El régimen tectónico convergente y, en consecuencia, el arco magmático, tampoco han evolucionado de forma homogénea a lo largo su historia, sino que han mostrado transformaciones notables en su posición, geometría y composición. Por estos motivos, la Faja Volcánica Transmexicana es el resultado de uno de los sistemas tectónicos convergentes más complejos del planeta, el objeto de más de un siglo de investigaciones científicas, y también el centro de las controversias más notables sobre la geología mexicana.

Palabras clave: Faja Volcánica Transmexicana; México; subducción; arco magmático; petrología ígnea; manto; corteza

Abstract

The magmatic diversity of the Transmexican Volcanic Belt is directly or indirectly controlled by two independent oce-anicplates with differing geophysical and compositionalparameters, by an extensional tectonic regime that operates with different intensities over the upperplate, by a continental basement with a diversity of ages, thicknesses and compositions, and by a compositionally heterogeneous mantle wedge that has been modified to various extents by the subduction-de-rived chemical agents. The convergent margin and the magmatic arc have not been evolving homogenously though their geologic histories, but instead have shown significant changes in position, geometry and composition. For these reasons, the Transmexican Volcanic Belt is the result of one of the most complex convergent margins on the planet, the subject of more than a century of scientific investigations, and the core of the most notable debates on the Mexican geology.

Key words: Transmexican Volcanic Belt; Mexico; subduction; magmatic arc; igneous petrology; mantle; crust

DESCARGAR ARTÍCULO EN FORMATO PDF

Agradecimientos

Deseamos agradecer a Tania Norato Cortez y Carolina Muñoz Torres, quienes contribuyeron en la elaboración, compilación y revisión de la base de datos geoquímicos. También agradecemos a Susanne Straub por habernos dado acceso a su base de datos de rocas cuaternarias con la que complementamos la base de datos que aparece aquí. Agradecemos los acertados comentarios y la minuciosa revisión de Álvaro Márquez, Ángel Nieto-Samaniego y Peter Schaaf. L. Ferrari y T. Orozco-Esquivel contaron con el apoyo de dos proyectos de cooperación bilateral CONACyT-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italia) para la realización de este trabajo. A. Gómez-Tuena agradece el apoyo de CONACyT (proyecto 39785) para el estudio del magmatismo en la FVTM.

Referencias

Aguirre-Díaz, G., 1996, Volcanic stratigraphy of the Amealco caldera and vicinity, central Mexican Volcanic Belt: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 13, 10-51. [ Links ]

Aguirre-Díaz, G., 2001, Recurrent magma mingling in succesive ignimbrites from Amealco caldera, central Mexico: Bulletin of Volcanology, 63, 238-251. [ Links ]

Aguirre-Díaz, G., López-Martínez, M., 2001, The Amazcala caldera, Querétaro, central Mexican Volcanic Belt, México. Geology and geochronology: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 111, 203-218. [ Links ]

Aguirre-Díaz, G., McDowell, F., 2000, Volcanic evolution of the Amealco caldera, central Mexico, en Delgado-Granados, H., Stock, J., Aguirre-Díaz, G. (eds.), Cenozoic tectonics and volcanism of Mexico: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 334, 167-178. [ Links ]

Aguirre-Díaz, G., Nelson, S., Ferrari, L., López, M., 1997, Ignimbrites of the central Mexican Volcanic Belt, Amealco and Huichapan calderas (Querétaro-Hidalgo), en Aguirre-Díaz, G., Aranda-Gómez, J., Carrasco-Núñez, G., Ferrari, L. (eds.), Magmatism and tectonics in the central and northwestern Mexico-a selection of the 1997 IAVCEI General Assembly excursions: México, DF, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, Excursión 1, 1-39. [ Links ]

Aguirre-Díaz, G., Dubois, M., Laureyns, J., Schaaf, P., 2002, Nature and P-T conditions of the crust beneath the central Mexican Volcanic Belt based on a Precambrian crustal xenolith: International Geology Review, 44, 222-242. [ Links ]

Alaniz-Álvarez, S. A., Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F., 2005, El sistema de fallas Taxco-San Miguel de Allende y la Faja Volcánica Transmexicana, dos fronteras tectónicas del centro de México activas durante el Cenozoico: Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 57(1), 63-80. [ Links ]

Alaniz-Álvarez, S. A., Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F., Ferrari, L., 1998, Effects of strain rate in the distribution of monogenetic and polygenetic volcanism in the Transmexican volcanic belt: Geology, 26(7), 591-594. [ Links ]

Alaniz-Álvarez, S. A., Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F., Ferrari, L., 1999, Effects of strain rate in the distribution of monogenetic and polygenetic volcanism in the Transmexican volcanic belt: Reply: Geology, 26(7), 591-594. [ Links ]

Alaniz-Álvarez, S. A., Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F., Morán-Zenteno, D., Alba-Aldave, L., 2002a, Rhyolitic volcanism in extension zone associated with strike-slip tectonics in the Taxco region, southern México: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 118, 1-14. [ Links ]

Alaniz-Álvarez, S. A., Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F., Orozco-Esquivel, M. T., Vasallo-Morales, L., Xu, S., 2002b, El Sistema de fallas Taxco-San Miguel de Allende: implicaciones en la deformación post-Eocénica del centro de México: Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 55, 12-29. [ Links ]

Allan, J., 1986, Geology ofthe Colima and Zacoalco grabens, SW Mexico: late Cenozoic rifting in the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 97, 473-485. [ Links ]

Allan, J., Carmichael, I., 1984, Lamprophyric lavas in the Colima Graben, SW Mexico: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 88, 203-216. [ Links ]

Allan, J., Nelson, S., Luhr, J., Carmichael, I., Wopat, M., Wallace, P., 1991, Pliocene-Recent rifting in SW Mexico and associated volcanism: an exotic terrain in the making, en Dauphin, J., Simoneit, B. (eds.), The gulf and peninsular province of the Californias: Tulsa, Oklahoma, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 47, 425-445. [ Links ]

Alvarez, R., 2002, Banderas rift zone: a plausible NW limit of the Jalisco Block: Geophysical Research Letters, 29(20), 1994 doi:10.1029/2002GL016089, 55-1-55-4. [ Links ]

Alva-Valdivia, L., Goguitchaichvili, A., Rosas-Elguera, J., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Ferrari, L., Zamorano, J., 2000, Paleomagnetic data from the trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: implications for tectonics and volcanic stratigraphy: Earth, Planets and Space, 52, 467-478. [ Links ]

Atwater, T., 1970, Implications of plate tectonics for the Cenozoic tectonic evolution of western North America: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 81, 3513-3536. [ Links ]

Atwater, T., 1989, Plate tectonic history ofthe northeast Pacific and western North America, en Winterer, E., Hussong, D., Decker, R. (eds.), The northeastern Pacific Ocean and Hawaii: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, The geology of North America, N, 21-72. [ Links ]

Atwater, T., Stock, J., 1998, Pacific-North America plate tectonics of the Neogene southwestern United States: International Geology Review, 8, 375-402. [ Links ]

Ban, M., Hasenaka, T., Delgado-Granados, H., Takaoka, N., 1992, K-Ar ages of lavas from shield volcanoes in the Michoacán-Guanajuato volcanic field, Mexico: Geofísica Internacional, 31, 467-473. [ Links ]

Barclay, J., Carmichael, I., 2004, A hornblende basalt from western Mexico: water-saturated phase relations constrain a pressure temperature window of eruptibility: Journal of Petrology, 45(3), 485-506. [ Links ]

Barrier, E., Borgois, J., Michaud, F., 1990, Le systeme de rift actifs du point triple de Jalisco: vers un proto-golfe de Jalisco: Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Science, Paris, 310, 1513-1520. [ Links ]

Besch, T., Negendank, J., Emmermann, R., 1988, Geochemical constraints on the origin of the calc-alkaline and alkaline magmas of the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional, 27, 641-663. [ Links ]

Besch, T., Verma, S., Kramm, U., Negendank, J., Tobschall, H., Emmermann, R., 1995, Assimilation of silaic crustal material by volcanics of the easternmost extension of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt-Evidence from Sr and Nd isotopes: Geofísica Internacional, 34, 263-281. [ Links ]

Blatter, D., Carmichael, I., 1998a, Hornblende peridotite xenoliths from central Mexico reveal the highly oxidized nature of subarc upper mantle: Geology, 26, 1035-1038. [ Links ]

Blatter, D., Carmichael, I., 1998b, Plagioclase-free andesites from Zitácuaro (Michoacán), México: petrology and experimental constraints: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 132, 121-138. [ Links ]

Blatter, D., Carmichael, I., 2001, Hydrous phase equilibria of a Mexican high-lilica andesite: a candidate for mantle origin?: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65, 4043-4065. [ Links ]

Blatter, D., Carmichael, I., Deino, A., Renne, P., 2001, Neogene volcanism at the front of the central Mexican volcanic belt: basaltic andesites to dacites, with contemporaneous shoshonites and high-TiO2 lava: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 113(10), 1324-1342. [ Links ]

Bloomfield, K., 1973, The age and significance of the Tenango basalt: Bulletin of Volcanology, 37, 586-595. [ Links ]

Bloomfield, K., 1975, A late-Quaternary monogenetic volcano field in central Mexico: Geologische Rundschau, 64, 476-497. [ Links ]

Boudal, C., Robin, C., 1987, Relation entre dynamismes éruptifs et réalimentations magmatiques d'origine profonde au Popocatepelt: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 25, 955-971. [ Links ]

Bourgois, J., Michaud, F., 1991, Active fragmentation ofthe North America plate at the Mexican triple junction area off Manzanillo: Geo-Marine Letters, 11, 59-65. [ Links ]

Bowen, N. L., 1928, The evolution of igneous rocks: Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 334 p. [ Links ]

Cabral-Cano, E., Lang, H., Harrison, C., 2000a, Stratigraphic assessment of the Arcelia-Teloloapan area, southern Mexico: implications for southern Mexico's post-Neocomian tectonic evolution: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 13, 443-457. [ Links ]

Cabral-Cano, E., Draper, G., Lang, H., Harrison, C., 2000b, Constraining the late Mesozoic and early Tertiary tectonic evolution of southern Mexico: structure and deformation history of the Tierra Caliente region, southern Mexico: Journal of Geology, 108, 427-446. [ Links ]

Campa, M. F., Coney, P. J., 1983, Tectono-stratigraphic terranes and mineral resource distributions in Mexico: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 20, 1040-1051. [ Links ]

Campillo, M., Singh, S., Shapiro, N., Pacheco, J., Herrmann, R., 1996, Crustal structure south of the Mexican volcanic belt, based on group velocity dispersion: Geofísica Internacional, 35(4), 361-370. [ Links ]

Campos-Enríquez, J., Sánchez-Zamora, O., 2000, Crustal structure across southern Mexico inferred from gravity data: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 13, 479-489. [ Links ]

Campos-Enríquez, J., Arroyo-Esquivel, M., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1990, Basement, curie isotherm and shallow-crustal structure of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, from aeromagnetic data: Tectonophysics, 172, 77-90. [ Links ]

Cantagrel, J., Robin, C., 1979, K-Ar dating on eastern Mexican Volcanic rocks-relations between the andesitic and the alkaline provinces: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 5, 99-114. [ Links ]

Capra, L., Macías, J., Garduño, V., 1997, The Zitácuaro Volcanic Complex, Michoacán, México: magmatic and eruptive history of a resurgent caldera: Geofísica Internacional, 36(3), 161-179. [ Links ]

Carmichael, I., 2002, The andesite aqueduct: perspectives on the evolution of intermedíate magmatism in west-central (105°-99°W) Mexico: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 143, 641-663. [ Links ]

Carmichael, I., Lange, R., Luhr, J., 1996, Quaternary minettes and associated volcanic rocks of Mascota, western Mexico: a consequence of plate extension above a subduction modified mantle wedge: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 124, 302-333. [ Links ]

Carr, M., Feigenson, M., Patino, L., Walker, J., 2003, Volcanism and Geochemistry in Central America: Progress and Problems, en Eiler, J. (eds.), Inside the subduction factory: Washington, D.C., American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph, 138, 153-179. [ Links ]

Carrasco-Núñez, G., Ban, M., 1994, Geologic map and structure sections of the summit area of Citlaltépetl volcano, México with summary of the geology of the Citlátepetl volcano summit area: Mexico D. F. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, Cartas Geológicas y Mineras, (9), 1 mapa, texto explicativo. [ Links ]

Carrasco-Núñez, G., Milán, M., Verma, S., 1989, Geología del volcán El Zamorano, estado de Querétaro: Revista Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 8, 194-201. [ Links ]

Carrasco-Núñez, G., Gómez-Tuena, A., Lozano-Velázquez, L., 1997, Geologic map of Cerro Grande volcano and surrounding area, central Mexico: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, Map and Chart Serie MCH081, 1 mapa, texto 10 p. [ Links ]

Cathalieau, M., Oliver, R., Nieva, D., 1987, Geochemistry of volcanic series of the Los Azufres geothermal field (Mexico): Geofísica Internacional, 26(2), 273-290. [ Links ]

Centeno-García, E., Ruíz, J., Coney, P. J., Patchett, P. J., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., 1993, Guerrero terrane of Mexico: its role in the Southern Cordillera from new geochemical data: Geology, 21, 419-422. [ Links ]

Cervantes, P., Wallace, P., 2003a, Role of H2O in subduction-zone magmatism: new insights from melt inclusions in high-Mg basalts from central Mexico: Geology, 31(3), 235-238. [ Links ]

Cervantes, P., Wallace, P., 2003b, Magma degassing and basaltic eruption styles: a case study of V2000 year BP Xitle volcano in central Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 120, 249-270. [ Links ]

Chesley, J., Ruiz, J., Righter, K., Ferrari, L., Gómez-Tuena, A., 2002, Source contamination versus assimilation: an example from the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Arc: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 195, 211-221. [ Links ]

Connor, C., 1990, Cinder cone clustering in the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt: implications for structural and petrologic models: Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 19395-19405. [ Links ]

Contreras, J., Gómez-Tuena, A., 1999, Effect of strain rate in the distribution of monogenetic and polygenetic volcanism in the Transmexican volcanic belt. Comment: Geology, 27, 571-572. [ Links ]

Currie, C., Hyndman, R., Wang, K., Kostoglodov, V., 2002, Thermal models of the Mexico subduction zone: Implications for the megathrust seismogenic zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, 107 (B12), doi:10.1029/2001JB000886, 15-1-15-13. [ Links ]

De Cserna, Z., 1958, Notes on the tectonics of Southern Mexico: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 86, 523-532. [ Links ]

De la Fuente, M., Aitken, C., Mena, M., 1994, Cartas gravimétricas de la República Mexicana, Carta de anomalía de Bouguer, en Atlas nacional de México: México, D. F., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geografía., v. 3. [ Links ]

Defant, M., Drummond, M., 1990, Derivation of some modern arc magmas by melting of young subducted lithosphere: Nature, 347, 662-665. [ Links ]

Delgado-Granados, H., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Hasenaka, T., Masso, B., 1995, Southwestward volcanic migration in the western Trans-mexican Volcanic Belt during the last 2 Ma: Geofísica Internacional, 34, 341-352. [ Links ]

Demant, A., 1978, Características del Eje Neovolcánico Transmexicano y sus problemas de interpretación: Revista Instituto de Geología, 2, 172-187. [ Links ]

Demant, A., 1979, Vulcanologia y petrografía del sector occidental del Eje Neovolcanico: Revista Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 3, 39-57. [ Links ]

Demant, A., 1981, Interpretación geodinámica del volcanismo del Eje Neovolcánico Transmexicano: Revista Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 5, 217-222. [ Links ]

Demant, A., Robin, C., 1975, Las fases del vulcanismo en México, una síntesis en relación con la evolución geodinámica desde el Cretácico: Revista Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1, 66-79. [ Links ]

DeMets, C., Traylen, S., 2000, Motion of the Rivera plate since 10 Ma relative to the Pacific and North American and the mantle: Tectonophysics, 318, 119-159. [ Links ]

DeMets, C., Gordon, R., Argus, D., Stein, S., 1994, Effects of recent revisions to the geomagnetic reversal time scale on estimates of current plate motions: Geophysical Research Letters, 21, 2191-2194. [ Links ]

DePaolo, D., 1981, Trace element and isotopic effects of combined wallrock assimilation and fractional crystallization: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 53, 189-202. [ Links ]

Dickinson, W., Hatherton, T., 1967, Andesitic volcanism and seismicity around the Pacific: Science, 157, 801-803. [ Links ]

Eggler, D., 1972, Water-saturated and undersaturated melting relations in a Paricutin andesite and an estimate of water content in the natural magma: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 34, 261-271. [ Links ]

Ego, F., Ansan, V., 2002, Why is the central Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (102°-99°W) in transtensive deformation?: Tectonophysics, 359, 189-208. [ Links ]

Elías-Herrera, M., Orterga-Gutiérrez, F., 1997, Petrology of high-grade metapelitic xenoliths in an oligocene rhyodacite plug-Precambrian crust beneath the southern Guerrero terrane, Mexico?: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 14(1), 101-109. [ Links ]

Elías-Herrera, M., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., 1998, The Early Cretaceous Arperos oceanic basin (western Mexico). Geochemical evidence for an aseismic ridge formed near a spreading center-Comment: Tectonophysics, 292, 321-326. [ Links ]

Elías-Herrera, M., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Lozano-Santa Cruz, R., 1998, Evidence for pre-Mesozoic sialic crust in the southern Guerrero terrane: Geochemistry of the Pepechuca high grade gneiss xenoliths: Actas INAGEQ, 4, 169-181. [ Links ]

Engebretson, A., Cox, A., Gordon, R., 1985, Relative motions between oceanic and continental plates in the Pacific Basin: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 206, 64 p. [ Links ]

Feigenson, M., Carr, M., 1986, Positively correlated Nd and Sr isotope ratios of lavas from the Central American volcanic front: Geology, 14, 78-82. [ Links ]

Feigenson, M., Carr, M., Maharaj, S., Juliano, S., Bolge, L., 2004, Lead isotope composition of Central american volcanoes: influence of the Galapagos plume: Geochemistry, Geophysics and Geosystems, 5(Q06001), doi:10.1029/2003GC000621, 1-14. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., 1995, Miocene shearing along the northern boundary of the Jalisco block and the opening of the southern Gulf of California: Geology, 23(8), 751-754. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., 2004, Slab detachment control on mafic volcanic pulse and mantle heterogeneity in central Mexico: Geology, 32(1), 77-80. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Rosas-Elguera, J., 1999, Alkalic (ocean-island basalt type) and calc-alkalic volcanism in the Mexican volcanic belt: A case for plume-related magmatism and propagating rifting at an active margin?, Comment: Geology, 27, 1055-1056. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Rosas-Elguera, J., 2000, Late Miocene to Quaternary extension at the northern boundary of the Jalisco block, western Mexico: the Tepic-Zacoalco rift revised, en Aguirre-Díaz, G., Delgado-Granados, H., Stock, J. (eds.), Cenozoic tectonics and volcanism of Mexico: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 334, 42-64. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Pasquaré, G., Tibaldi, A., 1990, Plio-Quaternary tectonics of central Mexican Volcanic Belt and some constraints on its rifting mode: Geofísica Internacional, 29, 5-18. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Garduño, V., Pasquaré, G., Tibaldi, A., 1991, Geology of Los Azufres caldera, Mexico, and its relations with regional tectonics: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 47, 129-148. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Garduño, V., Innocenti, F., Manetti, P., Pasquaré, G., Vaggelli, G., 1994, A widespread mafic volcanic unit at the base ofthe Mexican Volcanic Belt between Guadalajara and Querétaro: Geofísica Internacional, 33, 107-123. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Lopez-Martinez, M., Aguirre-Díaz, G., Carrasco-Núñez, G., 1999, Space-time patterns of Cenozoic arc volcanism in central Mexico: from the Sierra Madre Occidental to the Mexican volcanic belt: Geology, 27, 303-306. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Pasquaré, G., Venegas, S., Romero, F., 2000a, Geology of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt and adjacent Sierra Madre Occidental and Jalisco block, en Delgado-Granados, H., Aguirre-Díaz, G., Stock, J. (eds.), Cenozoic tectonics and volcanism of Mexico: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 334, 65-84. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Vaggelli, G., Petrone, C., Manetti, P., Conticelli, S., 2000b, Late Miocene volcanism and intra-arc tectonics during the early development of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Tectonophysics, 318, 161-185. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Petrone, C., Francalanci, L., 2001, Generation of oceanic-island basalt-type volcanism in the western Trans-Mexican volcanic belt by slab rollback, asthenosphere infiltration, and variable flux melting: Geology, 20(6), 507-510. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., López-Martínez, M., González-Cervantes, N., Jacobo-Albarrán, J., Hernández-Bernal, M. S., 2003a, Volcanic record and age of formation of the Mexico city basin, en Reunión Annual 2003, Resúmenes: GEOS, 23(2), 120. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Petrone, C., Francalanci, L., Tagami, T., Eguchi, M., Conticelli, S., Manetti, P., Venegas-Salgado, S., 2003b, Geology of the San Pedro-Ceboruco graben, western Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas , 20, 165-181. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Rosas-Elguera, J., Orozco-Esquivel, M., Carrasco-Núñez, G., Norato-Cortez, T., 2005a, Digital geologic cartography ofthe Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt and adjoining areas: Digital Geosciences, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, <http://satori.geociencias.unam.mx/digital_geosciences>, 1 mapa, 2 p. texto. [ Links ]

Ferrari, L., Tagami, T., Eguchi, M., Orozco-Esquivel, M. T., Petrone, C., Jacobo-Albarrán, J., López-Martínez, M., 2005b, Geology, geochronology and tectonic setting of late Cenozoic volcanism along the southwestern Gulf of Mexico: the Eastern Alkaline Province revisited: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 146, 284-306. [ Links ]

Ferriz, H., Mahood, G., 1984, Eruption rates and compositional trends at Los Humeros Volcanic Center, Puebla, Mexico: Journal of Geophysical Research, 89, 8511-8524. [ Links ]

Ferriz, H., Mahood, G., 1986, Volcanismo riolítico en el Eje Neovolcánico Mexicano: Geofísica Internacional, 25, 117-156. [ Links ]

Ferriz, H., Mahood, G., 1987, Strong compositional zonation in a silicic magmatic system: Los Humeros, Mexican Neovolcanic Belt: Journal of Petrology, 28, 171-209. [ Links ]

Flores-Ruiz, J., 1997, Estructura cortical de la Faja Volcánica Transmexicana: México DF, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Colegio de Ciencias y Humanidades, Unidad Académica de los Ciclos Profesionales y de Posgrado, Instituto de Geofísica, Tesis doctoral, 150 p. [ Links ]

Foley, S., 1992, Vein-plus-wall-rock melting mechanisms in the lithosphere and the origin of potassic alkaline magmas: Lithos, 28, 435-453. [ Links ]

Foshag, W., González, J., 1954, Birth and development of Parícutin Volcano, Mexico: U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 965-D, 355-489. [ Links ]

Frey, H., Lange, R., Hall, C., Delgado-Granados, H., 2004, Magma eruption rates constrained by 40Ar/39Ar chronology and GIS for the Ceboruco-San Pedro volcanic field, western Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 116, 259-276. [ Links ]

Freydier, C., Martínez-R., J., Lapierre, H., Tardy, M., Coulon, C., 1996, The early Cretaceous Arperos oceanic basin (western Mexico). Geochemical evidence for an aseismic ridge formed near a spreading center: Tectonophysics, 259(4), 343-367. [ Links ]

Freydier, C., Lapierre, H., Briqueu, L., Tardy, M., Coulon, C., Martinez-Reyes, J., 1997, Volcaniclastic sequences with continental affinities within the late Jurassic early Cretaceous Guerrero intra-oceanic arc terrane (western Mexico): Journal of Geology, 105(4), 483-502. [ Links ]

García-Palomo, A., Macías, J., Garduño, V., 2000, Miocene to recent structural evolution of the Nevado de Toluca volcano region, Central Mexico: Tectonophysics, 318, 281-302. [ Links ]

García-Palomo, A., Macías, J., Tolson, G., Valdez, R., Mora-Chaparro, J., 2002, Volcanic stratigraphy and geological evolution of the Apan region, east-central sector of the Transmexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional, 41, 133-150. [ Links ]

García-Perez, F., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1997, Crustal structure of the Arteaga Complex, Michoacán, southern Mexico, from gravity and magnetics: Geofísica Internacional, 36, 235-244. [ Links ]

Garduño, V., Tibaldi, A., 1991, Kinematic evolution of the continental active triple junction of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt: Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Science, Paris, II, 312(2), 135-142. [ Links ]

Garduño-Monroy, V., Spinnler, J., Ceragioli, E., 1993, Geological and structural study of the Chapala Rift, state of Jalisco, Mexico: Geofísica Internacional, 32, 487-499. [ Links ]

Garduño-Monroy, V., Arreygue-Rocha, E., Israde-Alcántara, I., Rodríguez-Torres, G., 2001, Efectos de las fallas asociadas a sobreexplotación de acuíferos y la presencia de fallas potencialmente sísmicas en Morelia, Michoacán, México: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 18, 37-54. [ Links ]

Garduño-Monroy, V., Saucedo-Girón, R., Jiménez, Z., Gavilanes-Ruiz, J., Cortés, A., Uribe-Cifuentes, R., 1998, La falla Tamazula-límite suroriental del bloque Jalisco y sus relaciones con el complejo volcánico de Colima, México: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 15, 132-144. [ Links ]

Gastil, G., Jensky, W., 1973, Evidence of strike-slip displacement beneath the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, en Kovach, R. L., Nur, A. (eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Tectonic Problems of the San Andreas Fault System: Stanford, CA, Stanford University Publications, Geological Sciences, 13, 171-180. [ Links ]

Gastil, G., Krummenacher, D., Jensky, A., 1979, Reconnaissance geology of west-central Nayarit, Mexico: summary: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 90, 15-18. [ Links ]

Geolimex Working Group, 1994, Reflections of the subducting plate? First results of a mexican geotraverse en Miller, H., Rosenfeld, U., Weber-Diefenbach, K. (eds.), 13. Symposium on Latin-America Geosciences: Zentralblatt für Geologie und Palaontologie, Teil 1. Allgemeine, Angewandte, Regionale und Historische Geologie, 1-2 , 541-553. [ Links ]

Geyne, A., Fries, C., Segerstrom, K., Black, R., Wilson, I., 1963, Geology and mineral deposits of the Pachuca-Real del Monte district, state of Hidalgo, Mexico: Mexico, D. F., Consejo de Recursos Naturales no Renovables, Publicación (5E), 203 p., 16 láminas. [ Links ]

Gilbert, C., Mahood, G., Carmichael, I., 1985, Volcanic stratigraphy of the Guadalajara area, Mexico: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 169-191. [ Links ]

Gill, J., 1981, Orogenic andesites and plate tectonics: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, xiv, 390 p. [ Links ]

Gómez-Tuena, A., Carrasco-Núñez, G., 2000, Cerro Grande Volcano: The evolution of a Miocene stratocone in the Early Transmexican Volcanic Belt: Tectonophysics, 318, 249-280. [ Links ]

Gómez-Tuena, A., LaGatta, A., Langmuir, C., Goldstein, S., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Carrasco-Núñez, G., 2003, Temporal control of subduction magmatism in the Eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: mantle sources, slab contributions and crustal contamination: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4(8), doi:10.1029/ 2003GC000524, 1-33. Disponible en línea. [ Links ]

Halliday, A., Lee, D., Tommasini, S., Davis, G., Paslick, C., Fitton, J., James, D., 1995, Incompatible trace elements in OIB and MORB and source enrichment in the sub-oceanic mantle: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 133, 379-395. [ Links ]

Harris, J. M., 1986, Silicic volcanics of Volcan Tequila, Jalisco, Mexico: Berkeley, CA, University of California, Tesis de maestría, 98 p. [ Links ]

Hasenaka, T., 1986, The cinder cones of Michoacán-Gunajuato, central Mexico: Berkeley, CA, University of California, Tesis doctoral, 171 p. [ Links ]

Hasenaka, T., 1994, Size, distribution, and magma output rate for shield volcanoes of the Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field, Central Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 63, 13-31. [ Links ]

Hasenaka, T., Carmichael, I., 1985, The cinder cones at Michoacan-Guanajuato, central Mexico: their age, volume, and distribiution, and magma discharge rate: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 25, 105-124. [ Links ]

Hasenaka, T., Carmichael, I., 1987, The cinder cones of Michoacan-Guanajuato, Central Mexico: petrology and chemistry: Journal of Petrology, 28, 241-269. [ Links ]

Herrero, E., Pal, S., 1978, Paleomagnetic Study of Sierra de Chichinautzin: Geofísica Internacional, 17, 167-180. [ Links ]

Herrmann, U., Nelson, B., Ratschbacher, L., 1994, The origin of a terrane: U/Pb zircon geochronology and tectonic evolution of the Xolapa complex (southern Mexico): Tectonics, 13(2), 455-474. [ Links ]

Hesse, M., Grove, T., 2003, Absarokites from the western Mexican Volcanic Belt: constraints on the mantle wedge conditions: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 146, 10-27. [ Links ]

Hickey-Vargas, R., Frey, F., Gerlach, D., López-Escobar, L., 1986, Multiple sources for basaltic arc rocks from the southern volcanic zone of the andes (34°-41° S): trace element and isotopic evidence for contributions from subducted oceanic crust, mantle and continental crust: Journal of Geophysical Research, 91, 5963-5983. [ Links ]

Hirose, K., 1997, Melting experiments on lherzolite KLB-1 under hydrous conditions and generation of high-magnesian andesites: Geology, 25, 42-44. [ Links ]

Hirth, G., Kohlstedt, D., 2003, Rheology of the mantle wedge, en Eiler, J. (eds.), Inside the subduction factory: Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph, 138, 83-105. [ Links ]

Hochstaedter, A., Ryan, F., Luhr, J., Hasenaka, T., 1996, On B/Be ratios in the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60(4), 613-618. [ Links ]

Hofmann, A., 2003, Sampling mantle heterogeneity through oceanic basalts: isotopes and trace elements, en Carlson, R. W. (ed.), Treatise on geochemistry. Volume 2, The mantle and core: Amsterdam, Elsevier, 61-101. [ Links ]

Hóskuldsson, A., Robin, C., 1993, Late Pleistocene to Holocene eruptive activity of Pico de Orizaba, Eastern Mexico: Bulletin of Volcanology, 55, 571-587. [ Links ]

Irvine, T., Baragar, W., 1971, A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 8, 523-548. [ Links ]

Jacobo-Albarrán, J., 1986, Estudio petrogenetico de las rocas igneas de la porción central del Eje Neovolcánico: México, D. F., Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, Subdirección de Tecnología de Exploración, Reporte Interno, 47 p. [ Links ]

Johnson, C., Harrison, C., 1989, Neotectonics in central Mexico: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 64, 187-210. [ Links ]

Jording, A., Ferrari, L., Arzate, J., Jodicke, H., 2000, Crustal variations and terrane boundaries in southern Mexico as imaged by mangetotelluric transfer functions: Tectonophysics, 327, 1-13. [ Links ]

Kay, R., 1978, Aleutian magnesian andesites: melts from subduction Pacific oceanic crust: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 4, 117-132. [ Links ]

Kelemen, P., Hangtazj, K., Greene, A., 2003, One View of the Geochemistry of Subduction-related Magmatic arcs, with emphasis on primitive andesite and lower crust, en Rudnick, R. (ed.), Treatise on geochemistry, v. 3. The crust: Amsterdam, Elsevier, 593-659. [ Links ]

Keppie, J., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., 1995, Provenance of Mexican Terranes: Isotopic Constrains: International Geology Review, 37, 813-824. [ Links ]

Keppie, J., Ortega-Gutiérrez, J., 1998, Middle American Precambrian basement: a missing piece of the reconstructed 1 Ga orogen, en Ramos, V., Keppie, J. D. (eds.), Laurentia-Gondwana connections before Pangea: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America Special Paper, 336, 199-210. [ Links ]

Kostoglodov, V., Bandy, W., 1995, Seismotectonic constraints on the convergence rates between the Rivera and North American plates: Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(B9), 17977-17989. [ Links ]

Kostoglodov, V., Singh, S., Santiago, J., Franco, S., Larson, K., Lowry, A., Bilham, R., 2003, A large silent earthquake in the Guerrero seismic gap, Mexico: Geophysical Research Letters, 30(15), doi:10.1029/2003GL017219, 9-1-9-4. [ Links ]

LaGatta, A., 2003, Arc magma genesis in the eastern Mexican volcanic belt: New York, NY, Columbia University, Tesis doctoral, 365 p. [ Links ]

Lange, R., Carmichael, I., 1990, Hydrous basaltic andesites associated with minette and related lavas in western Mexico: Journal of Petrology, 31, 1225-1259. [ Links ]

Lange, R., Carmichael, I., 1991, A potassic volcanic front in western Mexico: the lamprophyric and related lavas of San Sebastian: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 103, 928-940. [ Links ]

Langridge, R., Weldon, R., Moya, J., Suárez, G., 2000, Paleoseismology of the 1912 Acambay earthquake and the Acambay-Tixmadejé fault, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 3019-3037. [ Links ]

Lapierre, H., Ortiz, L., Abouchami, W., Monod, O., Coulon, C., Zimmerman, J., 1992, A crustal section of an intra-oceanic island arc: the late Jurassic-early-Cretaceous Guanajuato magmatic sequence, central Mexico: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 108, 61-77. [ Links ]

Lassiter, J., Luhr, J., 2001, Osmium abundance and isotope variations in mafic mexican volcanic rocks: evidence for crustal contamination and constraints on the geochemical behavior of osmium during partial melting and fractional crystallization: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2(3), doi:10.1029/2000GC000116. [ Links ]

Lawlor, P., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Cameron, K., Ochoa-Carrillo, H., Lopez, R., Sampson, D., 1999, U/Pb geochronology, geochemistry and provenance of the Grenvillian Huiznopala Gneiss of eastern Mexico: Precambrian Research, 94, 73-99. [ Links ]

Le Bas, M., Le Maitre, R., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., 1986, A chemical classification of volcanic rocks on the total alkali-silica diagram: Journal of Petrology, 27(3), 745-750. [ Links ]

Le Maitre, R. W., ed., 1989, A classification of igneous rocks and glossary of terms: recommendations of the international union of geological sciences subcommission on the systematics of igneous rocks: Oxford, Blackwell, 193 p. [ Links ]

Leggett, J. K., 1982, Geochemistry of Cocos Plate pelagic-hemipelagic sediment in hole 487, DSDP leg 66, en Watkins, J., Moore, J. (eds.): Initial Reports of the Deep Ocean Drilling Project, 66, 683-686. [ Links ]

Lewis-Kenedi, C., Lange, R., Hall, C., Delgado-Granados, H., 2005, The eruptive history of the Tequila volcanic field, western Mexico: ages, volumes, and relative proportions of lava types: Bulletin of Volcanology , 67, 391-414. [ Links ]

Londsdale, P., 1991, Structural patterns of the Pacific floor offshore peninsular California, en Dauphin, J., Simoneit, B. (eds.), The gulf and the peninsular province of the Californias: Tulsa, OK, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 47, 87-125. [ Links ]

López-Hernández, A., Castillo-Hernández, D., 1997, Exploratory drilling at Acoculco, Puebla, Mexico; A hidrothermal system with only nonthermal manifestation: Geothermal Research Council Transactions, 21, 429-433. [ Links ]

López-Infanzón, M., 1991, Petrologic study of the volcanic rocks in the Chiconquiaco-Palma Sola area, central Veracruz, Mexico: New Orleans, Tulane University, Tesis de maestría, 139 p. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., 1997a, Extensional tectonics and the diverse primitive volcanic rocks in the western Mexican Volcanic Belt: Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 473-500. [ Links ]

Luhr, J.F., 1997b, Extensional tectonics and the diverse primitive volcanic rocks in the western Mexican Volcanic Belt: Canadian Mineralogist, 2, 473-500. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., 2000, The geology and petrology of Volcan San Juan Nayarit, Mexico and the compositionally zoned Tepic Pumice: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 95, 109-156. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., 2002, Petrology and geochemistry of the 1991 and 1998-1999 lava flows from Volcán de Colima, México: implications for the end of the current eruptive cycle: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 117, 169-194. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., Carmichael, I., 1980, The Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico. I. Post-caldera andesites from Volcán Colima: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 71, 343-372. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., Carmichael, I. S. E., 1981, The Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico. II. Late-Quaternary cinder cones: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 76, 127-147. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., Carmichael, I. S. E., 1982, The Colima Volcanic Complex, Mexico. III. Ash- and scoria-fall deposits from the upper slopes of Volcán Colima: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 80, 262-275. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., Carmichael, I. S. E., 1985a, Contemporaneous eruptions of calc-alkaline and alkaline magmas along the volcanic front of the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 203-216. [ Links ]

Luhr, J. F., Carmichael, I., 1985b, Jorullo Volcano, Michoacán, Mexico (1759-1774): The earliest stages of fractionation in calc-alkaline magmas: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 90, 142-161. [ Links ]

Luhr, J., Carmichael, I., 1990, Petrological monitoring of cyclical eruptive activity at Volcán Colima, México: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 42, 235-260. [ Links ]

Luhr, J., Nelson, S., Allan, J., Carmichael, I., 1985, Active rifting in southwestern Mexico: manifestations of an incipient eastward spreading-ridge jump: Geology, 13, 54-57. [ Links ]

Luhr, J., Aranda-Gómez, J. J., Pier, J., 1989a, Spinel-lherzoilite-bearing quaternary volcanic centers in San Luis Potosi, Mexico I. Geology, mineralogy, and petrology: Journal of Geophysical Research , 94(B6), 7916-7940. [ Links ]

Luhr, J., Allan, J., Carmichael, I., Nelson, S., Hasenaka, T., 1989b, Primitive calc-alkaline and alkaline rock types from the western Mexican volcanic belt: Journal of Geophysical Research , 94(B4), 4515-4530. [ Links ]

Mahood, G., 1981a, A summary of the geology and petrology of the Sierra La Primavera, Jalisco, Mexico: Journal of Geophysical Research , 86, 10137-10152. [ Links ]

Mahood, G., 1981b, Chemical evolution of a Pleistocene rhyolitic center: Sierra La Primavera, Jalisco, Mexico: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 77, 129-149. [ Links ]

Mahood, G., Halliday, A., 1988, Generation of high-silica rhyolite: A Nd, Sr, and O isotopic study of Sierra La Primavera, Mexican Neovolcanic Belt: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 100, 183-191. [ Links ]

Maldonado-Sánchez, G., Schaaf, P., 2005, Geochemical and isotope data from the Acatlán Volcanic Field, western Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: origin and evolution: Lithos , 82, 455-470. [ Links ]

Mammerickx, J., Klitgord, K., 1982, North East Pacific Rise: Evolution from 25 m.y.B.P. to the present: Journal of Geophysical Research , 87, 6751-6759. [ Links ]

Manea, M., Manea, V., Kostoglodov, V., 2003, Sediment fill in the middle America Trench inferred from gravity anomalies: Geofísica Internacional , 42(4), 603-612. [ Links ]

Manea, V., Manea, M., Kostoglodov, V., Currie, C., Sewell, G., 2004, Thermal structure, copuling and metamorphism in the Mexican subduction zone beneath Guerrero: Geophysical Journal International, 158, 775-784. [ Links ]

Manea, V., Manea, M., Kostoglodov, V., Sewell, G., 2005, Thermo-mechanical model of the mantle wedge in Central Mexican subduction zone and a blob tracing approach for the magma transport: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors , 149, I165-186. [ Links ]

Márquez, A., De Ignacio, C., 2002, Mineralogical and geochemical constraints for the origin and evolution of magmas in Sierra Chichinautzin, Central Mexican Volcanic Belt: Lithos , 62, 35-62. [ Links ]

Márquez, A., Oyarzún, R., Doblas, M., Verma, S., 1999a, Alkalic (oceanic-island basalt type) and calc-alkalic volcanism in the Mexican volcanic belt: A case for plume-related magmatism and propagating rifting at an active margin?: Geology, 27, 51-54. [ Links ]

Márquez, A., Oyarzún, R., Doblas, M., Verma, S., 1999b, Alkalic (ocean-island basalt type) and calc-alkalic volcanism in the Mexican volcanic belt: A case for plume-related magmatism and propagating rifting at an active margin?: Reply: Geology , 27, 1056. [ Links ]

Márquez, A., Verma, S., Anguita, F., Oyarzun, R., Brandle, J., 1999c, Tectonics and volcanism of Sierra Chichinautzin: extension at the front of the central transmexican volcanic belt: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 93, 125-150. [ Links ]

Martín-Del Pozzo, A., 1982, Monogenetic volcanism in Sierra Chichinautzin, Mexico: Bulletin of Volcanology , 45, 9-24. [ Links ]

Martínez-Reyes, J., Nieto-Samaniego, A.F., 1990, Efectos geológicos de la tectónica reciente en la parte central de México: Revista Instituto de Geología , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 9, 33-50. [ Links ]

Martínez-Serrano, R., Schaaf, P., Solís-Pichardo, G., Hernández-Bernal, M., Hernández-Treviño, T., Morales-Contreras, J., Macías, J., 2004, Sr, Nd and Pb isotope and geochemical data from the Quaternary Nevado de Toluca volcano, a source of recent adakitic magmatism, and the Tenango Volcanic Field, Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 138, 77-110. [ Links ]

McBirney, A., Taylor, H., Armstrong, R., 1987, Paricutín re-examined: a classic example of crustal assimilation in calc-alkaline magma: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 95, 4-20. [ Links ]

McDonald, G., Katsura, T., 1964, Chemical compositions of Hawaiian lavas: Journal of Petrology , 5, 82-133. [ Links ]

McDonough, W., Sun, S., 1995, The composition of the earth: Chemical Geology, 120(3-4), 223-253. [ Links ]

McKenzie, D., O'Nions, R., 1995, The source regions of ocean island basalts: Journal of Petrology , 36, 133-159. [ Links ]

Menard, H., 1955, Deformation of the northeastern pacific basin and the west coast of North America: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 66, 1149-1168. [ Links ]

Menard, H., 1978, Fragmentation of the Farallon plate by pivoting subduction: Journal of Geology , 86, 181-201. [ Links ]

Michaud, F., Quintero-Legorreta, O., Barrier, E., Burgois, J., 1991, La frontiére Nord du Bloc Jalisco (ouest Mexique): localisation et évolution de 13 Ma á l'actuel: Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Science , Paris, II, 312, 1359-1365. [ Links ]

Middlemost, E., 1989, Iron oxidation ratios, norms and the classification of volcanic rocks: Chemical Geology , 77, 19-26. [ Links ]

Molina-Garza, R., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1993, Deep crustal structure of central Mexico derived from interpretation of Bouger gravity anomaly data: Journal of Geodynamics, 15, 181-201. [ Links ]

Moore, G., Carmichael, I., 1998, The hydrous phase equilibria (to 3 kbar) of an andesite and basaltic andesite from western Mexico: constraints on water content and conditions of phenocryst growth: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 130, 304-319. [ Links ]

Moore, J. C., Watkins, J. S., Bachman, S. B., Beghtel, F. W., Butt, A., Didyk, B., Foss, G., Leggett, J. K., Lundberg, N., McMillan, K. J., Niitsuma, N., Shephard, L. E., Stephan, J.-F., Shipley, T. H., Strander, H., 1982, Facies belts of the middle America Trench and forearc region, southern Mexico; results from Leg 66 DSDP, en Leggett, J. (eds.), Trench-forearc geology: sedimentation and tectonics on modern and ancient active plate margins: London, Geological Society, Special Publication, 10, 77-94. [ Links ]

Moore, G., Marone, C., Carmichael, I., Renne, P., 1994, Basaltic volcanism and extension near the intersection of the Sierra Madre volcanic province and the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 106, 383-394. [ Links ]

Mooser, F., 1972, The mexican volcanic belt structure and tectonics: Geofísica Internacional , 12, 55-70. [ Links ]

Mooser, F., Maldonado-Koerdell, M., 1961, Tectónica penecontemporánea a lo largo de la costa mexicana del Océano Pacífico: Geofísica Internacional , 1, 3-20. [ Links ]

Mooser, F., Nairn, A. E. M., Negendank, J. F.W., 1974, Palaeomagnetic investigations of the Tertiary and Quaternary igneous rocks; VIII. A palaeomagnetic and petrologic study of volcanics of the Valley of Mexico: Geologische Rundschau, 63, 451-483. [ Links ]

Mora, J., Macías, J., Saucedo, R., Orlando, A., Manetti, P., Vaselli, O., 2002, Petrology of the 1998-2000 products of Volcán de Colima, México: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 117, 195-212. [ Links ]

Mora-Álvarez, G., Caballero-Miranda, C., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Uchiumi, S., 1991, Southward migration of volcanic activity in the Sierra de Las Cruces, basin of Mexico? -a preliminary K-Ar dating and palaeomagnetic study: Geofísica Internacional , 30, 61-70. [ Links ]

Morán-Zenteno, D., Corona-Chávez, P., Tolson, G., 1996, Uplift and subduction erosion in southwestern Mexico since the Oligocene: pluton geobarometry constraints: Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 141, 51-65. [ Links ]

Morán-Zenteno, D., Tolson, G., Martinez-Serrano, R., Martiny, B., Schaaf, P., Silva-Romo, G., Macias-Romo, C., Alba-Aldave, L., Hernandez-Bernal, M., Solis-Pichardo, G., 1999, Tertiary arc-magmatism of the Sierra Madre del Sur, Mexico, and its transition to the volcanic activity of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Journal of South American Earth Sciences , 12, 513-535. [ Links ]

Murrillo-Muñetón, G., 1994, Petrologic and geochronologic study of the Grenville-age granulaties and post-granulite plutons from the La Mixtequita area, state of Oaxaca, southern Mexico, and their tectonic significance: Los Angeles, CA, University of Southern California, Tesis de maestría, 163 p. [ Links ]

Nava, A., Núñez-Cornu, F., Córdoba, D., Mena, M., Ansorge, J., González, J., Rodríguez, M., Banda, E., Müller, S., Udias, A., García-García, M., Calderón, G., 1988, Structure ofthe middle America in Oaxaca, México: Tectonophysics , 154, 241-251. [ Links ]

Negendank, J. F. W., Emmermann, R., Krawczyk, R., Mooser, F., Tobschall, H., Wehrle, D., 1985, Geological and geochemical investigations on the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 477-575. [ Links ]

Nelson, S., 1980, Geology and petrology of Volcán Ceboruco, Nayarit, México: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 91, 2290-2431 [ Links ]

Nelson, S., Carmichael, I., 1984, Pleistocene to recent alkalic volcanism in the region of Sanganguey volcano, Nayarit, Mexico: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 85, 321-335. [ Links ]

Nelson, S., González-Caver, E., 1992, Geology and K-Ar dating of the Tuxtla Volcanic Field, Veracruz, Mexico: Bulletin of Volcanology , 55, 85-96. [ Links ]

Nelson, S., Hegre, J., 1990, Volcán Las Navajas, a Pliocene-Pleistocene trachyte/peralkaline rhyolite volcano in the northwestern Mexican volcanic belt: Bulletin of Volcanology , 52, 186-204. [ Links ]

Nelson, S., Lighthart, A., 1997, Field excursion to the Sierra Las Navajas, Hidalgo, Mexico -A Pliestocene peralkaline rhyolite complex with a large debris avalance deposit, en II Convención sobre la Evolución Geológica de México y Recursos Asociados, Libro-guía de las excursiones geológicas: Pachuca, México, Universidad Autónoma de Hidalgo, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, 89-96. [ Links ]

Nelson, S., Livieres, R., 1986, Contemporaneous calc-alkaline and alkaline volcanism at Sanganguey Volcano, Nayarit, Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 97, 798-808. [ Links ]

Nelson, S.A., Gonzalez-Caver, E., Kyser, T.K., 1995, Constraints on the origin of alkaline and calc-alkaline magmas from the Tuxtla Volcanic Field, Veracruz, Mexico: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 122(1-2), 191-211. [ Links ]

Nieto-Obregón, J., Delgado-Argote, L., Damon, P., 1981, Relaciones petrológicas y geocronológicas del magmatismo de la Sierra Madre Occidental y el Eje Neovolcánico en Nayarit, Jalisco y Zacatecas, en XIV Convención Nacional, Memoria Técnica,: México, Asociación Ingenieros Mineros, Metalurgicos y Geólogos de México, 327-361. [ Links ]

Nieto-Obregón, J., Delgado-Argote, L., Damon, P., 1985, Geochronologic, petrologic and structural data related to large morphologic features between the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 623-663. [ Links ]

Nieto-Obregón, J., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Cabral-Cano, E., Guzmán de la Campa, A., 1992, Listric faulting and continental rifting in western Mexico; a paleomagnetic and structural study: Tectonophysics , 208, 365-376. [ Links ]

Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F.. , Ferrari, L., Alaniz-Alvarez, S. A., Labarthe-Hernández, G., Rosas-Elguera, J., 1999, Variation of Cenozoic extension and volcanism across the southern Sierra Madre Occidental Volcanic Province, Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin, 111, 347-363. [ Links ]

Nixon, G., 1982, The relationship between Quaternary volcanism in central Mexico and the seismicity and structure of subducted ocean lithosphere: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 93, 514-523. [ Links ]

Nixon, G., 1988a, Petrology of the younger andesites and dacites of Iztaccíhuatl volcano, México: I. Disequilibrium phenocrysts assemblages as indicators of magma chamber processes: Journal of Petrology , 20, 213-264. [ Links ]

Nixon, G., 1988b, Petrology of the younger andesites and dacites of Iztaccíhuatl volcano, México: II. Chemical stratigraphy, magma mixing, and the composition of basaltic magma influx: Journal of Petrology, 29, 265-303. [ Links ]

Nixon, G. T., 1989, The geology of Iztaccíhuatl Volcano and adjaent areas of The Sierra Nevada and Valley of Mexico: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America , Special Paper, (219), 58 p., 1 mapa. [ Links ]

Nixon, G., Demant, A., Armstrong, R., Harakal, J., 1987, K-Ar and geologic data bearing on the age and evolution of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional , 26, 109-158. [ Links ]

Núñez-Cornú, F., Ruiz, L., Nava, F., Reyes-Dávila, G., Suárez-Plascencia, C., 2002, Characteristics of seismicity in the coast and north of Jalisco Block, Mexico: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors , 132, 141-155. [ Links ]

Ochoa-Camarillo, H., 1997, Geología del anticlinorio de Huayacocotla, estado de Hidalgo, en II Convención sobre la Evolución Geológica de México y Recursos Asociados, Libro-guía de las excursiones geológicas: Pachuca, México, Universidad Autónoma de Hidalgo, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Tierra; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, 1-17. [ Links ]

O'Hara, M., 1977, Geochemical evolution during fractional crystallization of a periodically refilled magma chamber: Nature, 266, 503-507. [ Links ]

O'Hara, M., Mathews, R., 1981, Geochemical evolution in a an advecting, periodically replenished, periodically tapped, continously fractionated magma chamber: Journal of the Geological Society, London, 138, 237-277. [ Links ]

Orozco-Esquivel, M. T., 1995, Zur petrologie des vulkangebietes von Palma-Sola, Mexiko. Ein beispiel für den übergang von anorogenem zu orogenem Vulkanismus: Alemania, Universitat Karlsruhe, Tesis doctoral, 167 p. [ Links ]

Orozco-Esquivel, M. T., Ferrari, L., Eguchi, M., Tagami, T., Petrone, C., Jacobo-Albarran, J., 2003, The Eastern Alkaline Province (Mexico) revised: geology, geochronology and geochemistry of Neogene volcanism in Veracruz State, en 99a Reunión Anual, Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, Puerto Vallarta, Jal., Libro de resúmenes, p. 58. [ Links ]

Ortega-Guitérrez, F., 1978, El Gneis Novillo y rocas metamórficas asociadas en los cañones del Novillo y la Peregrina, area de Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas: Revista del Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2, 19-30. [ Links ]

Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., 1981, Metamorphic belts of southern Mexico and their tectonic significance: Geofísica Internacional , 20, 177-202. [ Links ]

Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., 1984, Evidence of Precambrian evaporites in the Oaxacan granulite complex of southern Mexico: Precambrian Research , 23, 377-393. [ Links ]

Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Mitre-Salazar, L. M., Roldán-Quintana, J., Aranda-Gómez, J. J., Morán-Zenteno, D. J., Alaniz-Álvarez, S. A., Nieto-Samaniego, Á. F., 1992, Carta geológica de la Republica Mexicana: quinta edición escala 1:2.000,000: México, D. F., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología; Secretaría de Energía, Minas e Industria Paraestatal, Consejo de Recursos Minerales, 1 mapa, texto explicativo 74 p. [ Links ]

Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Sedlock, R. L., Speed, R. C., 1994, Phanerozoic tectonic evolution of Mexico, en Speed, R. C. (ed.), Phanerozoic evolution of North American continent-ocean transitions: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America , DNAG Continent-Ocean Transect Series, 265-306. [ Links ]

Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Ruiz, J., Centeno-García, E., 1995, Oaxaquia, a Proterozoic microcontinent accreted to North America during the late Paleozoic: Geology, 23(12), 1127-1130. [ Links ]

Osete, M., Ruiz-Martínez, V., Cabellero, C., Galindo, C., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Tarling, D., 2000, Southward migration of continental volcanic activity in the Sierra de las Cruces, Mexico: paleomagnetic and radiometric evidence: Tectonophysics , 318, 201-215. [ Links ]

Pacheco, J., Mortera-Gutiérrez, C., Delgado-Granados, H., Singh, S., Valenzuela, R., Shapiro, N., Santoyo, M., Hurtado, A., Barrón, R., Gutiérrez-Moguel, E., 1999, Tectonic significance of an earthquake sequence in the Zacoalco half-graben, Jalisco, Mexico: Journal of South American Earth Sciences , 12, 557-565. [ Links ]

Pardo, M., Suárez, G., 1993, Steep subduction geometry of the Rivera plate beneath the Jalisco Block in western Mexico: Geophysical Research Letters , 20, 2391-2394. [ Links ]

Pardo, M., Suárez, G., 1995, Shape of the subducted Rivera and Cocos plate in southern Mexico: Seismic and tectonic implications: Journal of Geophysical Research , 100, 12357-12373. [ Links ]

Parman, S. W., Grove, T. L., 2004, Harzburgite melting with and without H2O: Experimental data and predictive modeling: Journal of Geophysical Research , 109(B02201), DOI:10.1029/2003JB002566, 1-20. [ Links ]

Pasquaré, G., Garduño, V., Tibaldi, A., Ferrari, M., 1988, Stress pattern evolution in the central sector of the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Tectonophysics , 146, 353-364. [ Links ]

Pasquaré, G., Ferrari, L., Garduño, V., Tibaldi, A., Vezzoli, L., 1991, Geology of the central sector of the Mexican Volcanic Belt, states of Guanajuato and Michoacan: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America , Map and Chart Series MCH072, 1 mapa con texto, 22 p. [ Links ]

Pérez-Venzor, J. A., Aranda-Gómez, J. J., McDowell, F. W., Solorio Munguía, J. G., 1996, Geología del Volcán Palo Huérfano, Guanajuato, México: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas , 13(2), 174-183. [ Links ]

Petrone, C., Francalanci, L., Carlson, R., Ferrari, L., Conticelli, S., 2003, Unusual coexistence of subduction-related and intraplate-type magmatism: Sr, Nd and Pb isotope and trace element data from the magmatism of the San Pedro-Ceboruco graben (Nayarit, Mexico): Chemical Geology , 193, 1-24. [ Links ]

Pier, J. G., Luhr, J. F., Podosek, F. A., Aranda-Gómez, J. J., 1992, The La Breña-El Jagüey Maar Complex, Durango, Mexico, II. Petrology and geochemistry: Bulletin of Volcanology , 54, 405-428. [ Links ]

Pilet, S., Hernandez, J., Bussy, F., Sylvester, P., 2004, Short-term metasomatic control of Nb/Th ratios in the mantle sources of intraplate basalts: Geology, 32, 113-116. [ Links ]

Pindell, J., 1985, Alleghenian reconstruction and subsequent evolution of the Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, and Proto-Caribbean Sea: Tectonics, 133-156. [ Links ]

Plank, T., Langmuir, C., 1998, The Chemical Composition of Subducting Sediment and its Consequences for the Crust and Mantle: Chemical Geology , 145, 325-394. [ Links ]

Polak, B., Kononov, V., Prasolov, E., Sharkov, I., Prol-Ledezma, R. M., González, A., Razo, A., Molina-Berbeller, R., 1985, First estimations of terrestrial heat flow in the TMVB and adjacent areas based on isotopic compositions of natural helium: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 465-476. [ Links ]

Pradal, E., Robin, C., 1994, Long-lived magmatic phases at Los Azufres volcanic center, Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 63, 201-215. [ Links ]

Prol-Ledezma, R., Juárez, G., 1985, Silica geotemperature mapping and thermal regime in the Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 609-622. [ Links ]

Prol-Ledezma, R., Sugrobov, V., Flores, E., Juarez, M., Smirov, Y., Gorshkov, A., Bondarenko, V., Rashidov, V., Nedopekin, L., Gavrilov, V., 1989, Heat flow variations along the middle America Trench: Marine Geophysical Research, 11, 69-76. [ Links ]

Quezadas-Flores, A., 1961, Las rocas del basamento de la cuenca Tampico-Misantla: Boletin de la Asociación Mexicana de Geólogos Petroleros, 13, 289-232. [ Links ]

Quintanar, L., Rodríguez-González, M.a., Campos-Enríquez, J., 2004, A Shallow Crustal Earthquake Doublet from the Trans- Mexican Volcanic Belt (Central Mexico): Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 94, 845-855. [ Links ]

Quintero-Legorreta, O., Michaud, F., Bourgois, J., Barrier, E., 1992, Evolución de la frontera septentrional del bloque Jalisco, México, desde hace 17 Ma: Revista Instituto de Geología , Universidad nacional Autónoma de México, 10, 111-117. [ Links ]

Rapp, R., Watson, E., 1995, Dehydration melting of metabasalt at 8-32 kb: implications for continental growth and crust-mantle recycling: Journal of Petrology , 36, 891-931. [ Links ]

Ratschbacher, L., Riller, U., Meschede, M., Herrmann, U., Frisch, W., 1991, Second look at suspect terranes in southern Mexico: Geology, 19(12), 1233-1236. [ Links ]

Reid, M., 1983, Paricutín volcano revisited: Isotopic and trace element evidence for crustal assimilation: American Geophysical Union Transactions, 64(45), 907. [ Links ]

Riggs, N., Carrasco-Núñez, G., 2004, Evolution of a complex isolated dome system, Cerro Pizarro, central México: Bulletin of Volcanology , 66, 322-335. [ Links ]

Righter, K., 2000, A comparison of basaltic volcanism in the Cascades and western Mexico: compositional diversity in continental arcs: Tectonophysics , 318, 99-117. [ Links ]

Righter, K., Carmichael, I., 1992, Hawaiites and related lavas in the Atenguillo graben, western Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 104, 1592-1607. [ Links ]

Righter, K., Carmichael, I., 1996, Phase equilibria of phlogopite lamprophyres from western Mexico: Biotite-liquid equilibria and P-T estimates for biotite-bearing igneous rocks: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 123(1), 1-21. [ Links ]

Righter, K., Rosas-Elguera, J., 2001, Alkaline lavas in the volcanic front of the western mexican volcanic belt: geology and petrology of the Ayutla and Tapalpa volcanic fields: Journal of Petrology , 42(12), 2333-2361. [ Links ]

Righter, K., Carmichael, I., Becker, T., Renne, R., 1995, Pliocene to Quaternary volcanism and tectonics at the intersection of the Mexican Volcanic Belt and the Gulf of California: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 107, 612-626. [ Links ]

Robin, C., 1976a, Présence simultanée de magmatismes de significations tectoniques opposées dans l'Est du Mexique: Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 18, 1637-1645. [ Links ]

Robin, C., 1976b, Las series volcánicas de la Sierra Madre Oriental (basaltos e ignombritas) descripción y caracteres químicos: Revista Instituto de Geología , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2, 12-42. [ Links ]

Robin, C., 1982, Relations volcanologie-magmatologie-geodynamique: application au passage entre volcanismes alcalin et andesitique dans le sud Mexicain (Axe Trans-mexicain et Province Alcaline Oriental). Clermont-Ferrand, Francia, Annales Scientifiques de l'Université de Clermont-Ferrand II, Tesis doctoral. [ Links ]

Robin, C., Cantagrel, J., 1982, Le Pico de orizaba (Mexique). Structure et evolution d' un grand volcan andesitique complexe: Bulletin of Volcanology , 45, 299-315. [ Links ]

Robin, C., Camus, G., Gourgaud, A., 1991, Eruptive and magmatic cycles at Fuego de Colima volcano (México): Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 45, 209-225. [ Links ]

Robin, C., Mossand, C., Camus, G., Cantagrel, J., Gourgaud, A., Vincent, P., 1987, Eruptive history of the Colima volcanic complex: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 31, 99-114. [ Links ]

Rodríguez-Elizarrarás, S., Siebe, C., Komorowski, J., Abrams, M., 2002, The Quetzalapa pumice: a voluminous late Pleistocene rhyolite deposit in the eastern Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 113, 177-212. [ Links ]

Rollinson, H., 1993, Using geochemical data; evaluation, presentation, interpretation: Essex, Longman Scientific & Technical, xiv, 352 p. [ Links ]

Rosas-Elguera, J., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1998, Tectonic control on the volcano-sedimentary sequence of the Chapala graben, western Mexico: International Geology Review , 40, 350-362. [ Links ]

Rosas-Elguera, J., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Maciel, R., 1989, Geología del extremo oriental del Graben de Chapala; breve discusión sobre su edad: zonas geotérmicas Ixtlan de Los Hervores-Los Negritos, México: Geotermia-Revista Mexicana de Geoenergía, 5, 3-18. [ Links ]

Rosas-Elguera, J., Ferrari, L., Garduño-Monroy, V., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1996, Continental boundaries ofthe Jalisco Block in the Pliocene-Quaternary kinematics of western Mexico: Geology, 24, 921-924. [ Links ]

Rosas-Elguera, J., Ferrari, L., Lopez-Martinez, M., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1997, Stratigraphy and tectonics of the Guadalajara region and the triple junction area, western Mexico: International Geology Review , 39, 125-140. [ Links ]

Rosas-Elguera, J., Alva-Valdivia, L., Goguitchaichvili, A., Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Ortega-Rivera, M. A., Archibald, D., 2003, Counterclockwise rotation of the Michoacan block: implications for the tectonics of western Mexico: International Geology Review , 45, 814-826. [ Links ]

Ross, M., Scotese, C., 1988, A hierarchical tectonic model of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean region: Tectonophysics , 155, 139-168. [ Links ]

Rossotti, A., Ferrari, L., López-Martínez, M., Rosas-Elguera, J., 2002, Geology of the boundary between the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt in the Guadalajara region, western Mexico: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas , 19, 1-15. [ Links ]

Ruiz, J., Patchett, P., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., 1988, Proterozoic and Phanerozoic basement terranes of Mexico from Nd isotopic studies: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 100, 274-281. [ Links ]

Ruiz, J., Tosdal, R., Restrepo, P., Murillo-Muñetón, G., 1999, Pb Isotope evidence for Colombia-Southern Mexico connections in the Proterozoic, en Ramos, V., Keppie, J. D. (eds.), Laurentia-Gondwana connections before Pangea: Boulde, CO, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 336, 183-197. [ Links ]

Sahagún, B., 1992, Historia general de las cosas de la Nueva España: Mexico, D. F., Editorial Porrúa, 1093 p. [ Links ]

Schaaf, P., Heinrich, W., Besch, T., 1994, Composition and Sm-Nd isotopic data of the lower crust beneath San Luis Potosí, cetral Mexico: Evidence from a granulite-facies xenolith suite: Chemical Geology , 118, 63-84. [ Links ]

Schaaf, P., Morán-Zenteno, D., Hernández-Bernal, M., Solís-Pichardo, G., Tolson, G., Kóhler, H., 1995, Paleogene continental margin truncation in southwestern Mexico: geochronological evidence: Tectonics, 14(5), 1339-1350. [ Links ]

Schaaf, P., Stimac, J., Siebe, C., Macías, J., 2005, Geochemical evidence for mantle origin and crustal processes in volcanic rocks from Popocatépetl and surrounding monogenetic volcanoes, central Mexico: Journal of Petrology , 46(6), 1243-1282. [ Links ]

Schmidt, K., Bottazzi, P., Vannucci, R., Mengel, K., 1999, Trace element partitioning between phlogopite, clinopyroxene and leucite lamproite melt: Earth and Planetary Science Letters , 168, 287-299. [ Links ]

Sedlock, R., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Speed, R., 1993, Tectonostratigraphic terranes and the tectonic evolution of Mexico: Boulder, CO, Geologial Society of America, Special Paper, 278, 153 p. [ Links ]

Sekine, T., Katsura, T., Aramaki, S., 1979, Water-saturated phase relations of some andesites with application to the estimation of the initial temperature and water pressure at the time of eruption: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta , 43, 1367-1376. [ Links ]

Serpa, L., Smith, S., Katz, C., Skidmore, C., Sloan, R., Pavlis, T., 1992, A geophysical investigation of the southern Jalisco block in the state of Colima, Mexico: Geofísica Internacional , 31, 247-252. [ Links ]

Sheth, H., Torres-Alvarado, I., Verma, S., 2000, Beyond subduction and plumes: A unified tectonic-petrogenetic model for the Mexican volcanic belt: International Geology Review , 42(12), 1116-1132. [ Links ]

Shirey, S., Walker, R., 1998, Re-Os isotopes in cosmochemistry and high-temperature geochemistry: Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 26, 423-500. [ Links ]

Siebe, C., 2000, Age and archaeological implications of Xitle volcano, southwestern Basin of Mexico City: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 104, 45-64. [ Links ]

Siebe, C., Verma, S., 1988, Major element geochemistry and tectonic setting of Las Derrumbadas rhyolitic domes, Puebla, Mexico: Chemie der Erde, 48, 177-189. [ Links ]

Siebe, C., Abrams, M., Macías, J., Obenholzner, J., 1996, Repeated volcanic disasters in Prehispanic time at Popocatepetl, central Mexico: Past key to the future?: Geology, 24, 399-402. [ Links ]

Siebe, C., Quintero-Legorreta, O., García-Palomo, A., Macías, J., 1999, Effect of strain rate in the distribution of monogenetic and polygenetic volcanism in the Transmexican volcanic belt. Comment: Geology, 27, 572-573. [ Links ]

Siebe, C., Rodríguez-Lara, V., Schaaf, P., Abrams, M., 2004a, Geochemistry, Sr-Nd isotope composition, and tectonic setting of Holocene Pelado, Guespalapa and Chichinautzin scoria cones, south of Mexico City: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 2712, 1-30. [ Links ]

Siebe, C., Rodríguez-Lara, V., Schaaf, P., Abrams, M., 2004b, Radiocarbon ages of Holocene Pelado, Guespalapa, and Chichinautzin scoria cones, south of Mexico City: implications for archaeology and future hazards: Bulletin of Volcanology , 66, 203-225. [ Links ]

Siebert, L., Carrasco-Núñez, G., 2002, Late-Pleistocene to precolumbian behind-the-arc mafic volcanism in the eastern Mexican Volcanic Belt; implications for future hazards: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 115, 179-205. [ Links ]

Silver, L. T., Anderson, T. H., 1974, Possible left lateral early to middle Mesozoic disruption of the southwestern North America craton margin: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 6(7), 955-956. [ Links ]

Smith, D., Nuckels, C., Jones, R., Cook, G., 1979, Distribution of heat flow and radioactive heat generation in northern Mexico: Journal of Geophysical Research , 84, 2371-2379. [ Links ]

Straub, S., Martín-Del Pozzo, A., 2001, The significance of phenocryst diversity in tephra from recent eruptions at Popocatépetl Stratovolcano (central Mexico): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 140, 487-510. [ Links ]

Strong, M., Wolff, J., 2003, Compositional variations within scoria cones: Geology, 31, 143-146. [ Links ]

Suárez, G., García-Acosta, V., Gaulon, R., 1994, Active crustal deformation in the Jalisco block, Mexico: evidence for a great historical earthquake in the 16th century: Tectonophysics , 234, 117-127. [ Links ]

Sun, S. S., McDonough, W. F., 1989, Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: Implications for mantle compositions and processes, en Saunders, A., Norry, M. (eds.), Magmatism in the ocean basins: London, Geological Society , Special Publication Classics, 313-345. [ Links ]

Suter, M., 1999, Effect of strain rate in the distribution of monogenetic and polygenetic volcanism in the Transmexican volcanic belt. Comment: Geology, 27, 571. [ Links ]

Suter, M., Quintero, O., Johnson, C., 1992, Active faults and and state of stress in in the central part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. 1. The Venta de Bravo fault: Journal of Geophysical Research , 97, 11983-11994. [ Links ]

Suter, M., Carrillo-Martínez, M., López-Martínez, M., Farrar, E., 1995a, The Aljibes half-graben -Active extension at the boundary between the trans-Mexican volcanic belt and the Basin and Range Province, Mexico: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 107(6), 627-641. [ Links ]

Suter, M., Quintero, O., López, M., Aguirre, G., Ferrar, E., 1995b, The Acambay graben: Active intraarc extension in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Tectonics, 14, 1245-1262. [ Links ]

Suter, M., Carrillo-Martínez, M., Quintero-Legorreta, O., 1996, Macroseismic study of shallow earthquakes in the central and eastern parts of the trans-Mexican volcanic belt, Mexico: Seismological Society of America Bulletin, 86, 1952-1963. [ Links ]

Suter, M., López-Martínez, M., Quintero-Legorreta, O., Carrillo-Martínez, M., 2001, Quaternary intra-arc extension in the central Trans-Mexican volcanic belt: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 113(6), 693-703. [ Links ]

Szynkaruk, E., Garduño-Monroy, V., Bocco, G., 2004, Active fault systems and tectono- topographic configuration of the central Trans-Mexican volcanic belt: Geomorphology, 61, 111-126. [ Links ]

Umhoefer, P., Dorsey, R., Willsey, S., Mayer, S., Renne, P., 2001, Stratigraphy and geochronology of the Comondú Group near Loreto, Baja California Sur, Mexico: Sedimentary Geology, 125-147. [ Links ]

Urbina, F., Camacho, H., 1913, La zona megasísmica de Acambay-Tixmadejé, Estado de México, conmovida el 19 de noviembre de 1912: Boletín del Instituto Geológico de México, 32, 125. [ Links ]

Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., 1986, Crustal thickness, heat flow, arc magmatism, and tectonics of Mexico-Preliminary report: Geofísica Internacional , 25(4), 559-573. [ Links ]

Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Bóhnel, H., 1987, Tectonic interpretation of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Tectonophysics , 138, 319-323. [ Links ]

Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Del Castillo, L., 1977, Un modelo del Eje Volcánico Mexicano: Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana , 38, 18-28. [ Links ]

Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Flores-Ruiz, J., 1996, Bouger gravity anomalies and regional crustal structure in central Mexico: International Geology Review , 38, 176-194. [ Links ]

Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J., Rosas-Elguera, J., 1994, Paleomagnetic study of the eastern sector of Chapala Lake and implications for the tectonics of west-central Mexico: Tectonophysics , 239, 61-71. [ Links ]

Valdés, C., Mooney, W., Singh, S., Meyer, R., Lomnitz, C., Luetgert, J., Helsley, C., Lewis, B., Mena, M., 1986, Crustal structure of Oaxaca, Mexico, from seismic refraction measurments: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America , 76, 547-563. [ Links ]

Valdez-Moreno, G., Aguirre-Díaz, G., López-Martínez, M., 1998, El Volcán La Joya, Edos. de Querétaro y Guanajuato. Un estratovolcán antiguo del cinturón volcánico mexicano: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, 15(2), 181-197. [ Links ]

Velasco-Tapia, F., Verma, S., 2001, Estado actual de la investigación geoquímica en el campo monogenético de la Sierra de Chichinautzin: análisis de información y perspectivas: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas , 18(1), 1-36. [ Links ]

Venegas, S., Herrera, F., Maciel, R., 1985, Algunas características de la Faja Volcánica Mexicana y sus recursos geotérmicos: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 97-157. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 1999, Geochemistry of evolved magmas and their relationship to subduction-unrelated mafic volcanism at the volcanic front of the central Mexican Volcanic Belt: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 93, 151-171. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 2000a, Geochemistry of the subducting Cocos plate and the origin of subduction-unrelated mafic volcanism at the front of the central Mexican Volcanic Belt, en Delgado-Granados, H., Aguirre-Díaz, G., Stock, J. (eds.), Cenozoic tectonics and volcanism of Mexico: Boulder, CO,, Geological Society of America, Special Paper, (334), 1-28. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 2000b, Geochemical evidence for a lithospheric source for magmas from Los Humeros caldera, Puebla, Mexico: Chemical Geology , 164, 35-60. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 2001a, Geochemical evidence for a lithospheric source for magmas from Acoculco caldera, eastern Mexican Volcanic Belt: International Geology Review , 43, 31-51. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 2001b, Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic evidence for a combined assimilation and fractional crystallisation process for volcanis rocks from the Huichapan caldera, Hidalgo, Mexico: Lithos , 56, 141-164. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 2001c, Geochemical evidence for a rift-related origin of bimodal volcanism at Meseta San Juan, north-central Mexican Volcanic Belt: International Geology Review , 43, 475-493. [ Links ]

Verma, S., 2002, Absence of Cocos plate subduction-related basic volcanism in southern Mexico: a unique caso on earth?: Geology, 30(12), 1095-1098. [ Links ]

Verma, S., Aguilar-y-Vargas, V., 1988, Bulk chemical composition of magmas in the Mexican Volcanic Belt (Mexico) and inapplicability of generalized arc-models: Chemie der Erde , 48, 203-221. [ Links ]

Verma, S., Carrasco-Núñez, G., 2003, Reapprisal of the geology and geochemistry of Volcán Zamorano, central Mexico: implications for discriminating the Sierra Madre Occidental and Mexican Volcanic Belt provinces: International Geology Review , 45, 724-752. [ Links ]

Verma, S., Hasenaka, T., 2004, Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic and trace element geochemical constraints for a veined-mantle source of magmas in the Michoacan-Guanajuato Volcanic Field, west-central Mexican Volcanic Belt: Geochemical Journal, 38(1), 43-65. [ Links ]

Verma, S., Nelson, S., 1989, Isotopic and trace element constraints on the origin and evolution of alkaline and calc-alkaline magmas in the northwestern Mexican volcanic belt.: Journal of Geophysical Research , 94, 4531-4544. [ Links ]

Verma, S., López-Martínez, M., Terrell, D., 1985, Geochemistry of Tertiary igneous rocks from Arandas-Atotonilco area, northeast Jalisco, Mexico: Geofísica Internacional , 24, 31-45. [ Links ]

Verma, S., Carrasco-Núñez, G., Milán, M., 1991, Geology and geochemistry of Amealco caldera, Qro., Mexico: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , 47, 105-127. [ Links ]

von Humboldt, A., 1808, Essai politique sur le Royaume de la Nouvelle Espagne: Paris, F. Shoell, 904 p. [ Links ]

Wallace, P., Carmichael, I., 1989, Minette lavas and associated leucitites from the western front of the Mexican Volcanic Belt: petrology, chemistry and origin: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 103, 470-492. [ Links ]

Wallace, P., Carmichael, I., 1992, Alkaline and calc-alkaline lavas near Los Volcanes, Jalisco, Mexico: geochemical diversity and its significance in volcanic arcs: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 111(4), 423-439. [ Links ]

Wallace, P., Carmichael, I., 1994, Petrology of Volcán Tequila, Jalisco, México: disequilibrim phenocryst assemblages and evolution of the subvolcanic magma system: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 117, 345-361. [ Links ]

Wallace, P., Carmichael, I., 1999, Quaternary volcanism near the Valley of Mexico: implications for subduction zone magmatism and the effects of crustal thickness variations on primitive magma compositions: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , 135, 291-314. [ Links ]

Weber, B., Kóhler, H., 1998, Evidence for a 1.4 to 1.2 Ga crust-forming event in the Grenville-aged Guichicovi Complex of Southern Mexico, en Keppie, J.D., ed., International Geological Correlation Program, Laurentia-Gondwanan connections before Pangea. IGCP Project. 376: México, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geología, 36. [ Links ]

Wilcox, R., 1954, Petrology of Paricutin Volcano, Mexico: U. S. Geological Survey, Bulletin, 65-C, 281-354. [ Links ]

Yañez, P., Ruiz, J., Patchett, J., Ortega-Gutiérrez, F., Gehrels, G., 1991, Isotopic studies of the Acatlán Complex, southern México: implications for Paleozoic North American tectonics: Geological Society of America Bulletin , 103, 817-828. [ Links ]

Yañez-García, A., Casique, J., 1980, Informe geológico del proyecto geotérmico Los Humeros-Derrumbadas, estados de Puebla y Veracruz: México, Comisión Federal de Electricidad, 96 p. [ Links ]

Yarza de la Torre, E., 1992, Volcanes de México: México, D. F., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geografía, 173 p. [ Links ]

Zamorano-Orozco, J., Tenarro-García, L., Lugo-Hubp, J., Sánchez-Rubio, G., 2002, Evolución geológica y gemorfología del complejo dómico Los Pitos, norte de la Cuenca de México: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas , 19, 66-79. [ Links ]

Ziagos, J., Blackwell, D., Mooser, F., 1985, Heat flow in southern Mexico and the thermal effects of subduction: Journal of Geophysical Research, 90, 5410-5420. [ Links ]

Recibido: 15 de Abril de 2005; Revisado: 22 de Agosto de 2005; Aprobado: 30 de Agosto de 2005

Creative Commons License Este es un artículo publicado en acceso abierto bajo una licencia Creative Commons