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Revista de historia de América

versão On-line ISSN 2663-371X


RATUSCHNY, Aldana. The press and separatist Spaniards at the dawn of Cuba’s war for independence. Rev. hist. Am. [online]. 2021, n.160, pp.141-179.  Epub 30-Abr-2021. ISSN 2663-371X.

This article discusses the role of the press during the Cuban independence struggle, in relation to the participation of Spaniards in the fight for the emancipation of Cuba. The main source of this study is the newspaper Patria founded by José Martí, which we consider the main exponent of the revolutionary Cuban press in times of preparation for the anti-colonial war. The specific objective is to analyze the discourse that the medium directs particularly to the Hispanic community, observing the modes of interpellation and discursive arguments that it develops to convince the Spaniards to support the independence of Biggest Antilla and their separation from Spain. At the same time, there is an imaginary dialogue, a journalistic and ideological debate, between Patria (revolutionary press) and the official peninsular press (liberal-conservative), which, through contrary arguments, also disputed the participation of the Iberian community in the war in Cuba. The time frame selected (1892-1895) is anchored in the years immediately prior to the outbreak of the so-called Necessary War (1895-1898), a vital stage of indoctrination and organization of the revolution, which in turn coincides with the period in which Martí was the Director of the newspaper, until his death in battle.

Palavras-chave : Cuban war of independence; Spanish; revolutionary press; conservative press.

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