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Scientia fungorum

versión On-line ISSN 2594-1321


MONTOYA, Adriana et al. The fungi known by the Yuhmu Community of Ixtenco, Tlaxcala, Mexico. Sci. fungorum [online]. 2019, vol.49, e1230.  Epub 29-Ago-2019. ISSN 2594-1321.


One of the indigenous groups poorly studied from the ethnomycological point of view, is the Otomian, so it is necessary to document traditional knowledge about fungi.


To describe the traditional mycological knowledge of the inhabitants of the community of Ixtenco, Tlaxcala.


Directed and semi-structured interviews were made to obtain the traditional knowledge regarding fungi, with emphasis on the Yuhmu nomenclature. The community was visited weekly. We went to the forests with some people to collect wild mushrooms.

Results and Conclusions:

Thirty five species of mushrooms and one myxomycete were identified. Fifty eigth traditional names in Spanish and fifteen in ñuhmu. The native term that designates mushrooms is jo . Seven categories of use were registered, food being the most common. The Ixtenco yuhmus still preserve important aspects of knowledge and uses about fungi. The data presented are similar to those found in the State of Mexico and, to a lesser extent, those of Amealco, Queretaro. It is suggested to carry out ethnomycological studies in regions such as Michoacán and Guanajuato and to deepen in those that have already made an incursion, as in Ixtenco.

Palabras llave : ethnomycology; biocultural significance; La Malinche National Park; Otomi.

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