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Revista alergia México

On-line version ISSN 2448-9190


TOMAS-PEREZ, Margarita et al. Allergy to vegetables belonging to the Solanaceae family. Rev. alerg. Méx. [online]. 2019, vol.66, n.3, pp.322-328.  Epub Feb 19, 2020. ISSN 2448-9190.


Although cross-reactivity with other plant-based foods and latex has been described, allergies to potatoes and tomatoes are uncommon.


To study the different sensitization patterns in patients who are allergic to potatoes and/or tomatoes.


Skin prick tests were carried out with fresh foods and extracts, specific IgE determination and allergen detection by SDS-PAGE and IgE-Immunoblotting with both raw and heated potato and tomato extracts.


In 10 patients, two thermostable allergens to potato extract were detected; the first one with a molecular weight that is compatible with Sola t 1 (43 kDa, patatin) and the second one with a molecular weight of 14-22 kDa, which could correspond to the allergens Sola t 4 (16 kDa) and Sola t 2 and Sola t 3 (21 kDa); in two patients who are allergic to potatoes and two patients who are allergic to tomatoes, a thermostable allergen that is compatible to Sola I 2 (50 kDa) was detected. The patient had presented oral allergy syndrome with some types of potatoes and showed higher IgE reactivity to two thermostable potato allergens.


The allergen sensitization patterns were similar in all the patients that had been studied, regardless of the symptoms. A new allergen involved in the allergy to solanaceae plants has been detected.

Keywords : Allergy; Potato allergy; Tomato allergy; IgE immunoblotting; Solanaceae.

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