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Revista alergia México

versión On-line ISSN 2448-9190


BEDOLLA-PULIDO, Tonatiuh Ramses et al. Allergy to food in adults with allergic respiratory diseases: prevalence and clinical manifestations. Rev. alerg. Méx. [online]. 2019, vol.66, n.1, pp.1-8. ISSN 2448-9190.


Food allergy is considered a typical problem in the pediatric population, however, cases occur in adults more frequently.


To determine the prevalence of food allergy in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma; as well as the foods and symptoms most related to said problem.


Through a cross-sectional study, the information of 257 adults with asthma or allergic rhinitis was analyzed. The information related to food allergy was obtained through a standardized interview; the confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for 95% proportions.


The prevalence of food allergy was 17.5% (95% CI = 13.3% to 22.6%). The main foods that caused symptoms were soy, shrimp, almonds, avocado and peanuts. The majority of patients who were allergic to a single food were 35.6%, two foods were 17.8% and three foods were 17.8%. The most frequent affections of food allergy were oral (62.2%): itching of the pharynx, tongue and palate; respiratory (26.7%), dyspnea and sneezing; and skin (26.7%), itching and hives.


Food allergy in adults with asthma or allergic rhinitis is a common problem. Oral symptoms are the main ailments in this type of patients and are mainly caused by soy.

Palabras llave : Food allergy; Adult; Asthma; Allergic rhinitis.

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