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vol.88 número349Estructura productiva y desigualdad salarial: Evidencia para América LatinaPemex, su reestructuración corporativa, financiera y productiva, y los efectos de ésta sobre la balanza comercial petrolera índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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El trimestre económico

versão On-line ISSN 2448-718Xversão impressa ISSN 0041-3011


NUNEZ RODRIGUEZ, Gaspar. Change in the productive structure, 1995-2011: China versus México. El trimestre econ [online]. 2021, vol.88, n.349, pp.107-141.  Epub 18-Jun-2021. ISSN 2448-718X.

This paper performs a comparative analysis of the Chinese and Mexican production structures, through a descriptive study and using the methods of structural analysis on input-output tables of 1995 and 2011. During this period, the average annual per capita gross domestic product (GDP) growth in China amounted to 9.18%, while in Mexico it reached only 0.95%. Assuming that China’s growth has been successful in this sense, then a mayor conclusion from this paper is that if Mexico wishes to reach high growth rates, the main element potentially useful to elaborate an efficacious strategy from China’s experience is clear: To foster, from a proactive participation of the state, the development of key sectors which will constantly increase their multiplier effects, so that a mayor integration of the national economy is achieved, and the development and consolidation of the productive apparatus sufficient to support the generation of next-generation productive sectors.

Palavras-chave : Structural analysis; input-output table; Mexico; China; proactive state.

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