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Historia mexicana

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6531versión impresa ISSN 0185-0172

Resumen

BONIALIAN, Mariano. Economic Relations between China and Latin America: A History of Globalization from the 16th to 21st Centuries. Hist. mex. [online]. 2021, vol.70, n.3, pp.1231-1273.  Epub 19-Feb-2021. ISSN 2448-6531.  https://doi.org/10.24201/hm.v70i3.4182.

The objective of this article is to analyze three situations that shaped the economic relationship between China and Latin America over the long period from the 16th Century to the present day: the Manila Galleons (1565-1815), the immigration of coolies to the exportoriented economies of Latin America (1850-1890) and the recent process of capital injection and investment by the People’s Republic of China (1980-2019). The modalities and characteristics of each of these relationships are analyzed as part of the evolution of globalization. The sources used include documents from the National Historical Archive of Spain and the data published by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). There is also a long list of bibliographic entries from different historiographic universes that have had little dialogue until now. The article concludes by identifying the major geohistorical axes that made possible a relationship between both spaces in the past, and questions if China’s new One Belt One Road (OBOR) project, also known as the “New Silk Road,” will represent the geohistorical axis that will lay the basis for the relationship in the 21st Century.

Palabras llave : China; Latin America; Economic Relationships; Globalization; 16th-21st Centuries.

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