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Historia mexicana

On-line version ISSN 2448-6531Print version ISSN 0185-0172


PANI, Erika. Those brothers of ours… Citizenship and Exclusion in the Conquered Territories. Hist. mex. [online]. 2021, vol.70, n.3, pp.1095-1136.  Epub Feb 19, 2021. ISSN 2448-6531.

The objective of this article is to study, through the many amparo cases that were brought before the Supreme Court, the conflicts regarding Mexican nationality in the early decades of the 20th Century, particularly the trials on stripping Mexicans, or those who considered themselves to be such, of their citizenship. At that time, the laws and mechanisms for defining who was a citizen were still in the process of construction, and there was both overlap between conflicting laws as well as legal limbos in which many individuals were trapped. This article addresses the problems faced by citizens who were forced to prove their citizenship, as well as the Mexican state’s difficulties in establishing reliable records on the country’s population, a problem which continues to this day. Those individuals whose cases reached the Supreme Court shared the characteristic of having been involved in some type of legal or political conflict. Instead of being processed by the courts, certain individuals were stripped of their citizenship in order to be deported under Article 33 of the Constitution, a much more expedited solution than traditional channels, as it did not allow for a defense.

Keywords : Mexican Nationality; Foreigners; Amparo; Supreme Court; Article 33.

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