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Historia mexicana

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6531versión impresa ISSN 0185-0172


KUNTZ FICKER, Sandra. Mexico’s Trade with the East, 1821-1870: An Import-Based Approach. Hist. mex. [online]. 2020, vol.70, n.2, pp.685-739.  Epub 20-Ene-2021. ISSN 2448-6531.

Throughout the colonial period, there was a commercial relationship between New Spain and different Asian ports via the Manila Galleon. This relationship was severed with the Wars of Independence, and the last galleon docked at the Port of Acapulco in 1811. The fate of this trade following this date is practically unknown due to the lack of sources that allow us to trace it through the 19th Century. Thanks to primary sources that have not been studied for this purpose, this article reconstructs the characteristics and composition of imports from Asia, as well as a minimal estimate of its magnitude. This last exercise concentrates on the merchandise that arrived in Mexico and was then re-exported to England and the United States. Consular sources allow us to not only confirm some traces of this trade, but also to identify primary routes and ports, as well as the intermediaries that played a leading role at each stage.

Palabras llave : Mexico; Trade; Asia; 19th Century; New Spain; Manila Galleon.

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