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Historia mexicana

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6531versión impresa ISSN 0185-0172


CRESPO, Horacio. Mexican communism and the struggle for peace at the start of the Cold War. Hist. mex. [online]. 2016, vol.66, n.2, pp.653-723. ISSN 2448-6531.

This article studies the political line of the Mexican Communist Party (PCM) towards the international reality of the first years of the Cold War (1947-1950). The PCM underwent a long crisis between 1940 and 1960 that conditioned its actions and led to a reduced connection with the masses and a marked organizational weakness. The influence of Browderism prevented the party from properly addressing its relationship with the Mexican state and from developing a revolutionary strategy. The party's crisis is also related to the accentuation of its dependence on the mandates issues by the Cominform, the new organization administering the international communist movement. This article studies international developments during the early years of the Cold War and the Soviet response embodied in the international communist movement and the political line established as of 1947 with the founding of the international peace movement. It also examines Dionisio Encina's leadership of the party as an example of mature Stalinism, focusing on his incompetence, his lack of autonomy and his servile attitude towards Soviet dictates and the political line established by Cominform directives, party congresses and plenary sessions of the Central Committee. Finally, the article studies the congresses of the World Peace Council held in Wroclaw, Paris and Mexico as political arenas in the period studied.

Palabras llave : Mexican Communist Party; Mexico; Cold War; Dionisio Encina; Cominform; International Peace Movement.

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