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Anales de antropología

versión On-line ISSN 2448-6221versión impresa ISSN 0185-1225

Resumen

MORANTE LOPEZ, Rubén Bernardo. Calendars from Xochicalco, Morelos. An. antropol. [online]. 2019, vol.53, n.2, pp.135-149.  Epub 30-Nov-2019. ISSN 2448-6221.  https://doi.org/10.22201/iia.24486221e.2019.2.64818.

Xochicalca calendars can be known thanks to the numerous dates that we read in the reliefs of the area. The registration and analysis of the signs has served to complete the sequence of its days and the years that complete the trecenas in the 52-year period, the socalled “Mesoamerican century”. The fact that the signs come from a single site and correspond to the same period makes them a unique source to calendars during the Epiclassic (600 to 900 AD) and a link between the calendars that were used in the center of Mexico during the Classic to the Posclassic periods. In Xochicalco, styles and graphic representations of words and ideas present certain artistic eclecticism, a reflection about the influences and transregional contacts that characterized that epoch in Mesoamerica. The calendar is not an exception; therefore it helps us to fill in part of the complex puzzle that constitutes the history of Mesoamerican calendars, starting in Teotihuacán, and reaching Mexica and Mixtec cultures, better known due to the codices and writings of the sixteenth century chroniclers.

Palabras llave : Prehispanic Calendars; Epigraphy from Xochicalco; Art and Iconography at Xochicalco.

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