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Mundo nano. Revista interdisciplinaria en nanociencias y nanotecnología

versão On-line ISSN 2448-5691versão impressa ISSN 2007-5979


DURAN ALVAREZ, Juan Carlos; MARTINEZ AVELAR, Carolina  e  MEJIA ALMAGUER, Daniel. The role of nanoscience and nanotechnology in the strife against the Covid-19 pandemic. Mundo nano [online]. 2021, vol.14, n.27, e0023.  Epub 11-Dez-2020. ISSN 2448-5691.

In December 2019, the coronavirus type 2 causing severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in China, and with it the coronavirus disease Covid-19. This virus was more contagious than its predecessors, sparking a pandemic after four months of the first reported case. In view of this, priority is given to the development of a treatment and a vaccine, as well as the improvement of current diagnostic methods. This review article explores the contributions that nanoscience has made, what is in development and what it can provide for the monitoring and containment of the pandemic. It is shown how surface plasmon resonance (RPS) has been used to improve and miniaturize measurement systems. Likewise, details are presented on the development of a potential vaccine based on nanomaterials and messenger RNA, explaining the synthesis methods, formulation and mechanism of action. Based on available information, it is possible that this vaccine will achieve efficient immunization against SARS-CoV-2, which would be one of the greatest milestones in the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

Palavras-chave : diagnosis; nanoparticles; surface plasmon resonance; SARS-CoV-2; vaccine.

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