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Revista de economía

versão On-line ISSN 2395-8715

Resumo

FUENTES FLORES, Noé Arón; BRUGUES RODRIGUEZ, Alejandro  e  CARRILLO VIVEROS, Jorge. Economic impact of the reduction of the VAT rate in the northern border region of Mexico based on the use of implicit prices in the input-output model. Rev. econ. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.95, pp.9-29.  Epub 22-Jan-2021. ISSN 2395-8715.  https://doi.org/10.33937/reveco.2020.144.

In 2019, the Mexican federal government decreed an economic package that includes a change in the Value Added Tax (VAT) rate from 16% to 8% for companies registered for billing in the northern border region of Mexico (RFN). To measure how the tax rebate is transmitted completely - direct and indirect effects - on changes in the overall price level as well as for the assessment of the amount of short-term economic impact on gross production, staff occupancy, and added value for the RFN, we use the prices implied in the input matrix product made for the RFN. The results show that the fiscal stimulus - if 100% of the companies are registered-: 1) induces a fall of - 2.3% in general prices of the NBR; 2) in turn, the fall in general prices causes a rise in gross production by 2.9%; in employment at 2.2%; and, in the value added in 2.6% for the NBR; and indicate that, 3) In bond Industry (IMMEX) is less sensitive in these key variables due to the low integration of national inputs.

Palavras-chave : input output; regional development; valued added tax.

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